Ethnicity

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What percentage of the overall population an the prison population do black people make up?
2.8% and 11%
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Phillips and Bowling (Stop and Search)
Members of ethnic minorities and more likely to think they are 'over-policed and under-protected'
2 of 20
How many times more likely are Black people to be stopped and searched in comparison to White people?
7 times more likely
3 of 20
Example of police racism
The Macpherson Report- Stephen Lawernce, institutional racism
4 of 20
Three reasons for the disproportionate use of stop and search
Police racism, Ethnic differences in offending, demographic factors
5 of 20
How many times more likely are Black people to be arrested than white people?
3.6 times more likely
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Phillips and Bowling (prosecutions)
CPS is more likely to drop cases against ethnic minorities because evidence presented is weaker due to police racsim
7 of 20
What percentage of people are convicted?
60% of white defendents 52% of black defendents 44% of Asian defendents
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What percentage of people are given custodial sentences?
68% of black offenders,59% of Asian offenders, 55% of white offenders
9 of 20
Rodger Hood
Even when seriousness of crime and previous convictions were taken into account Black men were still 5% more likely to receive a custodial sentence
10 of 20
Hudson and Bramhall
Pre-sentence reports allow for unwitting discrimination. Asian offenders' reports are likely to be less comprehensive and suggested they were less remorseful than white offenders
11 of 20
Racism in the criminal justice system
Stop and search, Arrests and cautions, Prosecution, Trial, Convictions, Sentencing, Pre-sentence reports, Prison
12 of 20
Lea and Young
Ethnic differences in statistics reflect true differences in offending
13 of 20
Lea and Young Police discrimination
Over 90% of crime recorded by police are reported to them by the public
14 of 20
Gilroy (the myth of black criminality)
Ethnic minority crime is a form of political resistance and imitates anti-imperialist struggles in former british colnies. The same defence was criminalised by the british state
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Hall et al
Opposition to capitalism was growing, ruling class needs to use legitimate force to control it. Moral panic or black muggers was created as a scapegoat for the true cause of problems.
16 of 20
How many racist incidents were recoreded in England and wales in 2006/7?
61,000
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How many racially or religiously aggravated offences were recoreded in England and wales in 2006/7?
42,000
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Sampson and Phillips
Racist victimisation tends to be repeated minor offences over time
19 of 20
Tim Newburn
Types of areas police conduct stop and search could reflect racsim
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Phillips and Bowling (Stop and Search)

Back

Members of ethnic minorities and more likely to think they are 'over-policed and under-protected'

Card 3

Front

How many times more likely are Black people to be stopped and searched in comparison to White people?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Example of police racism

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Three reasons for the disproportionate use of stop and search

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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