Ethnic Differences In Achievement - External Factors - Sociologists

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  • Created by: shyde7
  • Created on: 16-05-16 21:41
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Moynihan (1965): (1)
Black families headed by lone mothers struggle financially. A lot of black families have an absent father figure so boys don't have a role model.
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Moynihan (1965): (2)
Cultural deprivation is a cycle where children are improperly socialised, they fail at school and go on to become inadequate parents themselves.
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Murray (1984):
Lone parent families are the cause of underachievement.
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Scruton (1986):
Low achievement in Black families because they fail to embrace British culture as well as Asian families do.
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Pryce (1974):
Asian children do better in school because they are more resistant to racism. Black Caribbean families are less cohesive and are less resistant to racism.
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Bereiter and Engelmann:
Language spoken by low-income black American families is inadequate - grammatically simple, disjointed, incapable of expressing abstract ideas
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Gillborn and Mirza (2000)
Indian pupils do very well despite often not having English as their first language.
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Indian and Chinese pupils benefit from supportive families that have an 'Asian work ethic'.
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Lupton (2004):
Adult authority in Asian families is similar to the model that operates in schools. Reespectful behaviour tow97ards adults is expected from children and parents are more likely to be supportive of school behaviour policies.
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McCulloch (2014):
Survey of 16,000 pupils found that ethnic minority pupils were more likely to want to go to university.
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Evans (2006):
Street culture in white working-class areas is brutal and focuses on not being intimidated while intimidating others yourself. This leads to power struggles within schools that distracts from education.
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Driver (1977):
Criticises the theory for ignoring the positive effects of ethnicity on achievement. Black Caribbean families provide strong role models for young girls, which pushes them to succeed.
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Lawrence (1982):
Challenges Pryce's view that Black students fail because their culture is weak and suggests it is due to racism they underachieve.
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Keddie (1973):
Sees Cultural Deprivation as victim blaming. Ethnic minority children are culturally different, not culturally deprived.
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Flaherty (2004):
Ethnic minorities more likely to face material deprivation. (See theory flashcards)
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Mason (1995):
"Discrimination is a continuing and persistent feature of the experience of Britain's citizens of minority ethnic origin."
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Rex (1986):
Racial discrimination leads to social exclusion. An example of discrimination is the fact that minorities are more likely to be forced into substandard accommodation.
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Noon (1993):
Sent identical pairs of letters about employment to top 100 UK companies. Sent from 'Evans' and 'Patel' with same qualifications and experience. Companies more encouraging to white name.
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Card 2


Moynihan (1965): (1)


Black families headed by lone mothers struggle financially. A lot of black families have an absent father figure so boys don't have a role model.

Card 3


Moynihan (1965): (2)


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Card 4


Murray (1984):


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Card 5


Scruton (1986):


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