Ethics Glossary

HideShow resource information
Deliberate terminate of a pregnancy
1 of 101
Active euthanasia
Deliberately ending the life of someone seriously ill
2 of 101
Sexual relationship between 2 people, at least one of whom is married to someone else
3 of 101
Advance decisions
These tell medical staff about end of life care- should the patient be unable to communicate their wishes
4 of 101
Age of Consent
Legal age for sex to be treated as by agreement
5 of 101
Political party formed to increase rights of black people in S.A.
6 of 101
Declaration valid marriage never existed
7 of 101
Hatred of Jews- discrimination
8 of 101
Poloicy of racial segregation and discrimination by white minority government of S.A.
9 of 101
Artificial Insemination AI
Sperm medically inserted into vagina to assist pregnancy
10 of 101
AIH- Artificial insemination by Husband
Fertility treatment using husband's sperm not through sexual relations.
11 of 101
AID/DI- Artificial Insemination by donor/donor insemination
Fertility treatment using donor sperm not through sexual relations
12 of 101
Assisi Declarations
Statements relating to environment made by leaders of world religions
13 of 101
right to make decisions for yourself
14 of 101
Black Power
Political movement in USA emphasised racial pride and promoted black interests
15 of 101
BNP- British National Party
Far right political party in UK
16 of 101
CND- Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
Campaign for unilatreal Nuclear Disarmament.
17 of 101
Capital Punishment
Death Penalty
18 of 101
Catechism of catholic Church
Book official teachings of RC Church
19 of 101
Not having a sexual relationship outside marriage
20 of 101
Moral standards and restraint with regard to sexual relations
21 of 101
Fundamentalist - believes bible directly inspired by God no errors- Liberal- God guided writers of bible- some mistakes and teaching maybe out of date
22 of 101
Civil partnership
Non religious ceremonies allow gay couples to legally register their partnership
23 of 101
Civil Rights movement -
Gain justice for black people in USA- non violent means
24 of 101
Creating genetically identical organism
25 of 101
Couple living together with sex not married
26 of 101
Exploiting for the purpose of making a profit
27 of 101
Methods to prevent pregnancy
28 of 101
Offence committed against the law of the land
29 of 101
Designer Babies
Babies whose genetic structure has been chosen for certain characteristics
30 of 101
Putting prejudice into action
31 of 101
The point at which the foetus receives its soul from God thus becoming a person
32 of 101
One of the Christian Sacraments, a service at which Christians eat bread and drink wine in remembrance of Jesus' death.
33 of 101
The deliberate termination of life in order to end someone's suffering
34 of 101
Extra-marital sex
Sex between two unmarried people - They may be single or married to someone else
35 of 101
Fair trade
A movement that ensures that disadvantaged growers or producers in the developing world get a fair price for their goods
36 of 101
Fertility treatment
Treatment given to enable women to conceive
37 of 101
Foetal rights
The rights of the unborn child
38 of 101
Pardoning someone for what they have done and not holding it against them
39 of 101
Fundamentalist Christian
Someone who believes that the bible was inspired directly by God and contains no errors - Its teachings are always relevant
40 of 101
G8 summit
Yearly meeting of leaders from the World's eight most powerful countries to discuss trade issues and world poverty
41 of 101
Gateway drug
A soft drug that can lead someone on to use hard drugs
42 of 101
Genetic engineering
Manipulating a persons genetic structure
43 of 101
Hard drugs
Class A drugs
44 of 101
To be attracted to a person of the opposite sex
45 of 101
Being attracted to people of the same sex
46 of 101
A place that provides care for terminally ill people
47 of 101
Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA)
The committee that regulates all research relating to the embryo
48 of 101
Human Sexuality
How people express themselves as sexual beings
49 of 101
Hybrid embryo
Embryo created by putting human genetic material into an empty cow's egg
50 of 101
Institutional racism
Racial prejudice and discrimination at the heart of some organisations
51 of 101
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
a form of fertility treatment where eggs are fertilised outside the womb
52 of 101
Irrational fear of muslims
53 of 101
Treating everyone fairly and equally
54 of 101
Just War theory
Set of conditions to be met if war is to be justified
55 of 101
Klu Klux Klan (KKK)
A white racist group in the USA
56 of 101
Kyoto Treaty
An international agreement to cut back on carbon emissions and deal with environmental problems
57 of 101
Liberal Christian
Someone who believes that God guided the writers of the Bible, but there are mistakes and some teachings are out of date
58 of 101
Macmillan nurse
A nurse who is specially trained in palliative care for cancer patients
59 of 101
Someone who dies for their faith
60 of 101
Maternal rights
The rights of the mother
61 of 101
Absolute - fixed unchanging rules - Relative takes circumstances into account
62 of 101
Non-voluntary euthanasia
Ending the life of a sick person who is incapable of requesting death
63 of 101
Nuptial Mass
A service of Holy Communion held as part of the arraign ceremony
64 of 101
someone who is opposed to violence
65 of 101
Palliative care
Specialised care that relieves pain and distress
66 of 101
Passive euthanasia
Letting a person die without medical intervention
67 of 101
Being able to live without fear of harm and to fulfil your full potential
68 of 101
Permanent vegetative state (PVS)
An irreversible condition caused by the destruction of the neocortical area of the brai
69 of 101
Pre-implantaion genetic diagnosis PGD
Screening embryos created by IVF to select closest match to sick child
70 of 101
An irrational option about an individual or group
71 of 101
Pre-marital sex
Sex before marriage
72 of 101
Supporting the right of women to decide wether they want to have an abortion
73 of 101
Procreative sex
Sex which has the possibility of conception
74 of 101
The ant abortion view that the foetus has absolute right to life
75 of 101
Quality of life
Whether or not a person will have a life that is worthwhile and of value
76 of 101
One of the Christian sacraments involving confessing your sins to a priest and declaring God's forgiveness
77 of 101
Relative morality
A type of morality which takes the situation and circumstances into account
78 of 101
Reproductive cloning
Also known as human cloning, this would be the creation of an identical copy of a human
79 of 101
Respect for life
Recognising that every living being has value
80 of 101
Respite care
A short period of rest for carers
81 of 101
The duties that humans have because of the power they exercise
82 of 101
An outward action or ceremony that gives a spiritual blessing
83 of 101
Sacramental covenant
A sacred contract involving promises
84 of 101
Refusing to trade with a country
85 of 101
Sanctity of life
The idea that life is holy and precious because God given
86 of 101
Saviour siblings
Babies conceived using IVF, whose cord blood is used to treat seriously ill siblings
87 of 101
blaming an innocent individual or group for something wrong
88 of 101
Not religious
89 of 101
Right to make decisions for oneself in life- Used in argument for those who agree with voluntary euthanasia
90 of 101
Sexual immorality
How sex outside marriage is described in the bible.
91 of 101
Soft drugs
Class B (and C) drugs
92 of 101
Somatic-cell therapy
Gene therapy to correct a faulty gene through replacing it with a working copy
93 of 101
The idea that humans do not own the world but should look after it responsibly for God
94 of 101
A woman carrying and giving birth to a child for another couple
95 of 101
Not drinking alcohol
96 of 101
Therapeutic cloning
Also knob as stem-cell cloning - This would use stem cells from an embryo to create replacement tissue or organs
97 of 101
A period of 3 months (Pregnancy split into 3 trimesters)
98 of 101
Unitive sex
The idea that sex makes a couple one
99 of 101
The point in development at which a baby could be born with some chance of independent survival
100 of 101
Voluntary euthanasia
Ending a person's life at their own request
101 of 101

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Deliberately ending the life of someone seriously ill


Active euthanasia

Card 3


Sexual relationship between 2 people, at least one of whom is married to someone else


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


These tell medical staff about end of life care- should the patient be unable to communicate their wishes


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Legal age for sex to be treated as by agreement


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics - Glossary resources »