Ethics Definitions

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  • Created by: skyblue97
  • Created on: 14-04-14 10:54
Absolute Morality
An ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, regardless of other circumstances such as their consequences or the intentions behind them.
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Deontological Morality
an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, unregardless of other circumstances such as their consequences or the intentions behind them.
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Natural Law
refers to the use of reason to analyze human nature — both social and personal — and deduce binding rules of moral behavior from it.
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Hedonic Calculus
A step-by-step calculation that calculates the amount of pleasure that a specific action is likely to cause.
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Rule Utilitarianism
A form of utilitarianism that says an action is right as it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good.
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Abortion
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy.
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Absolute
A value/principle which is regarded as valid/viewed without relation.
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Apparent Good
Thinking something is good when it isn't which takes us further away from what God intended for us.
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Categorical Imperative
A theory that works out if what we do is moral or not.
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Cloning
When multiple identical copies of DNA are made.
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Embryo
An unborn egg in the process of development.
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Euthanasia
The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable disease.
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Foetus
An unborn human 8 weeks after conception.
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Genetic Engineering
The deliberate modification of the characteristics of a human by manipulating its genetic material.
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Germ Line Engineering
Changes in the parent's sperm or egg cells with the aim of passing on the changes to their offspring.
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Hippocratic Oath
An oath that doctors state before beginning their medical career.
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Human Genome
A map of the human genes.
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Involuntary Euthanasia
When the person who dies chooses to live but is killed anyway.
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Jus Ad Bellum
A set of rules that are consulted before engaging in war.
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Jus In Bello
A set of rules that are considered while in war.
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Jus Post Bellum
A set of rules that end war completely and fairly.
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Just War Theory
A theory that ensures war is morally justifiable through a set of rules, all must be met to consider just war.
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Pacifism
The theory that all disputes should be settled peacefully.
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Passive Euthanasia
When the patient dies because doctors don't do something to keep the patient alive.
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Personhood
The quality/condition of being a person.
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PVS (Persistent Vegetitive State)
A condition in which someone is unresponsive and displays no sign of brain function.
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Quality Of Life
The general well-being of a person or society, defined in terms of health and happiness, rather than wealth.
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Sanctity Of Life
The belief that all life, from the moment of conception is sacred and, therefore has the right to live.
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Slippery Slope
A course of action likely to lead to something bad or disastrous.
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Stem Cell
A 'master cell' that can become any kind of material.
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Therapeutic Cloning
A method of producing stem cells to treat diseases such as Alzheimer's.
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Transgenic Organism
An organism that has been genetically engineered. It has genetic material in it from another organism in an effort to give the original organism a more useful trait.
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Viability
Where a foetus is considered capable of sustaining its own life, given the necessary care.
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Voluntary Euthanasia
The intentional premature termination of another person's life at their request.
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Zygote
A 'proto-embryo' of the first two weeks after conception - a small collection of identical cells.
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Card 2

Front

an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, unregardless of other circumstances such as their consequences or the intentions behind them.

Back

Deontological Morality

Card 3

Front

refers to the use of reason to analyze human nature — both social and personal — and deduce binding rules of moral behavior from it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A step-by-step calculation that calculates the amount of pleasure that a specific action is likely to cause.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A form of utilitarianism that says an action is right as it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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