ethics - absolutist theories

HideShow resource information
give 3 strengths of absolute morality.
fixed moral code for all, most cultures have similar moral beliefs, condemns bad actions like Nazism.
1 of 19
give 3 weakness' of absolute morality.
intolerant of indevidual/cultural differences, doesn't consider circumstances, how can there be one fixed set of moral laws?who decides them?
2 of 19
give a quote from Aristotle about Natural Law.
"that which is natural is unchangeable, and has the same power everywhere."
3 of 19
what were Aristotle's efficient and final cause?
efficient cause - steps to reach final cause, final cause - fulfilled purpose, which for humans is to reach eudaimonia.
4 of 19
what did the group of stoics say about Natural Law?
human morality should be in harmony with universe
5 of 19
give Aquinas' quote about basic moral law.
"good is to be done and pursued, and evil is to be avoided."
6 of 19
what did Aquinas say about human reason?
it allows us to achieve union with God in after life as we can choose to do good.
7 of 19
explain Aquinas' real and apparent goods.
real - improves and develops us as humans, apparent - pleasurable but doesn't develop us e.g clubbing and not revising!
8 of 19
name Aquinas' 5 primary precepts?
Worship God, Ordered society, Reproduce, Learn, Defend the innocent.
9 of 19
what were Aquinas' secondary precepts?
everyday rules which can vary in cultures etc that help fulfil primary precepts.
10 of 19
give 4 strengths of natural law.
absolutist firm moral foundation, secondary precepts accommodate different cultures, everyone can appreciate the PP'S, not limited to religions as everyone has reason
11 of 19
give 3 weakness of natural law.
hard to apply basic principles to complex situations, relies on all humans being able to reason accurately, consequences should matter
12 of 19
what did Kant say about good will?
"good will shines forth like a precious jewel" - good will makes an action good
13 of 19
explain Kant's idea of duty.
do your duty and don't let emotions get in the way - "duty should be done for the sake of duty and duty alone"
14 of 19
outline Kant's hypothetical imperative.
if you want to do A, you have to do B
15 of 19
explain Kant's 3 maxims in his categorical imperative
universal law - everyone should act as you do, humans as ends - don't treat humans as ends in themselves, kingdom of ends - everyone should act as if everyone has same human rights as themselves
16 of 19
explain "ought implies can"
if you can do it, you should - if you can't, it's not your duty to.
17 of 19
give 3 strengths of kantian ethics
respects human life, one rule for everyone seems fair, people generally have similar ideas about morality
18 of 19
give 4 weakness' of kantian ethics
duty before emotion seems inhuman, not everyone can reason well, human nature to consider consequences, duties may conflict eg see grandma or revise?
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

give 3 weakness' of absolute morality.

Back

intolerant of indevidual/cultural differences, doesn't consider circumstances, how can there be one fixed set of moral laws?who decides them?

Card 3

Front

give a quote from Aristotle about Natural Law.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what were Aristotle's efficient and final cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what did the group of stoics say about Natural Law?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Ethics resources:

See all Ethics resources »See all absolutist theories resources »