Ethics Revision Cards

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John. B. Watson
Behaviour can be predicted and controlled (Psychological Behaviourism). We don't have Free Will and we have little to no choice in our actions.
1 of 8
Paul-Henri d'Holbach
We make decisions because we don't know the causes. We think we make the decisions for ourselves, but we don't.
2 of 8
Baruch Spinoza
There is no Free Will, but we think there is. We think we have a choice and can wish, but this has been determined.
3 of 8
John Locke
Freedom is an illusion. You think you control your actions, but you don't. E.G. Imagine your bedroom door is locked when you wake up in the morning, so you decide to just stay in bed. You think you chose to stay in bed, but really you had no choice.
4 of 8
B. F. Skinner
You don't have a choice to do one action over another. Everything is predetermined. There is no Free Will
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John Hospers
External forces make our decisions for us. Some of us are 'lucky' and have Free Will. External forces decide who is moral and who is not.
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Ian Pavlov
Humans are socially conditioned to behave the way God wants them to. (Dog investigation - dogs will behave if you offer them treats)
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Ted Honderich
Each action is an affect. There is no room for Free Will as it is an illusion. It is incoherent to think the two ideas are compatible because there is no Free Will.
8 of 8

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

We make decisions because we don't know the causes. We think we make the decisions for ourselves, but we don't.

Back

Paul-Henri d'Holbach

Card 3

Front

There is no Free Will, but we think there is. We think we have a choice and can wish, but this has been determined.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Freedom is an illusion. You think you control your actions, but you don't. E.G. Imagine your bedroom door is locked when you wake up in the morning, so you decide to just stay in bed. You think you chose to stay in bed, but really you had no choice.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

You don't have a choice to do one action over another. Everything is predetermined. There is no Free Will

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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