Ethical theories - keywords

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Abc12345
  • Created on: 04-02-15 20:04
Absolutist
A rule that is true in all situations
1 of 23
Relativist
A judgement that depends on the circumstances; there is no universal right and wrong
2 of 23
Subjective
A judgement which is based on personal opinion, not on fixed rules
3 of 23
Objective
A judgement which is on an impartial absolute value system
4 of 23
Deontological
An action which is inherently right or wrong. No account is taken of circumstances or outcome
5 of 23
Teleological
Concerned with the ultimate purpose or outcome of something
6 of 23
Final cause
The purpose of something
7 of 23
Efficient cause
How something happens, the agent which brings something about
8 of 23
Eudaimonia
The aim of all human activity is to achieve all-round well-being
9 of 23
Real good
A correct judgement arrived at by the right use of reason, along with Natural Law
10 of 23
Apparent good
A faulty judgement as a result of the misuse of reason or misunderstanding of Divine Law
11 of 23
Eternal Law
The mind of God which humans cannot know. Contained within it are the laws which govern the creation of the universe and control the life cycle of everything in existence. Can be seen through science.
12 of 23
Divine Law
Revealed through the Bible, Jesus and the church.
13 of 23
Natural Law
In our human nature we all have the knowledge that 'good is to be done and pursued and evil avoided'. If this is applied with reason then the outcome will be right
14 of 23
Human Law
The rules made by man which govern our everyday lives - legal systems
15 of 23
The purpose
To achieve perfection with God
16 of 23
The way
Following Natural Law by doing good and avoiding evil
17 of 23
Five Primary Precepts
The 5 basic principles of Aquinas' Natural Law. The purpose of humanity
18 of 23
Secondary Precepts
Rules developed from the primary precepts in order to ensure that their purpose is fulfilled.
19 of 23
Good is to be done and pursued and evil is to be avoided
Aquinas believed that this was the basic moral law which is divinely inspired and underpins all laws and guides us in all we do.
20 of 23
Double effect
It is wrong to do bad acts. But sometimes good actions can have both a good and evil outcome (e.g. removal of cancerous uterus may also cause abortion) but this is acceptable as the intention was good and the bad side effect was not the intention
21 of 23
Interior precept
Intention
22 of 23
Exterior precept
The action itself
23 of 23

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A judgement that depends on the circumstances; there is no universal right and wrong

Back

Relativist

Card 3

Front

A judgement which is based on personal opinion, not on fixed rules

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A judgement which is on an impartial absolute value system

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An action which is inherently right or wrong. No account is taken of circumstances or outcome

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Ethics resources:

See all Ethics resources »See all Ethical theories resources »