Ethical studies

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  • Created by: B.S
  • Created on: 09-05-14 17:45
Absolute
Universal and applying to everyone no matter what the situation
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Agape
LOVE- for christians this means unconditional love that must be shown to others
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Autonomy
Self rule : someone who makes moral decisions freel is said to be autonomous
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categorical imperative
a commandto perfom actions that are absoulute moral ruels that dont consider outcome
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christian realism
the belief that christians may use violence to bring about the kingdom of god and secure peace on earth
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Deontological
'Deon' = duty. deontological means that actions are right or wrong in themselves regardless of consequences
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dependancy thesis
morality depends on the nature of each individual culture
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diversity thesis
morality varies as there is such diversity across cultures
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ensoulment
the moment when people believe the soul is given
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extraordinary means
according to natural law moral duties only apply in ordinary situations. so a patient may refuse treatment on the grounds that it is extraordinary situation and is not essential to maintain life
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golden rule
the teachings of jesus that we should respect others as we want to be treated
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good will
making a moral choice expresses a good will. it is the resolve to act in such way that fulfils our duty
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hedonic calculus
benthams way of measuring good and bad effects of an action
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hypothetical imperative
an action that achieves a goal or end
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impartial spectator
someone who does not count thier own preferences over the preference of another. someone that can take an objective veiw rather than a subjective view
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pacifism
the belief that acts of violence are always wrong. a follower of pacifism is called a pacifist
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personhood
a definition of a human being as a person: having consciousness, self-awareness, ability to reason and self-sufficency
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proportionalism
an action can be right if there is a proportional reason to break an established law. proportioalists maintain that there are basic moral laws that can be broken in extreme cases.
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slippery slope arguement
this is when one moral law is broken and there is fear that others will be gradually broken until no absoulute rules are left.
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telelogical
'telos' means end or purpose. telelogical ethics looks at the consequences of an action to determin the morality of an action and determin whether its right or wrong
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universalisation
a moral law which is obeyed by everyone everywhere at all times.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

LOVE- for christians this means unconditional love that must be shown to others

Back

Agape

Card 3

Front

Self rule : someone who makes moral decisions freel is said to be autonomous

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a commandto perfom actions that are absoulute moral ruels that dont consider outcome

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the belief that christians may use violence to bring about the kingdom of god and secure peace on earth

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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