Ethical guidelines for animal research

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  • Created by: lilly557
  • Created on: 15-04-14 07:41
What must a researcher have in order to conduct an experiment on animals?
license from the home office
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Should the experimenter look at alternative experimental methods before using animals?
Yes
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What principles must the researcher follow?
only anesthetists can administer anesthetic, studies being supervised by senior staff,caging and social environment suiting the species , suffering kept to a minimum and have time between each experiment to let the animals recover
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What tool can help an experimenter to decide whether or not to carry out an experiment?
decision cube
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What are the three dimensions of the cube?
what benefits are there to society (are they likely to benefit humans or animals) , what are the costs to the experiment in terms of pain and suffering and lastly a rating of the scientific quality of a study
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Name one ethical advantage for using animal studies?
procedures can be carried out on animals hat couldn't on animals e.g. lesions created on the brain to see what the different functions are
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what is pro-speciesism?
its where humans should try to do everything possible to benefit their own quality of lives
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Name one ethical disadvantage of using animals?
animals are likely to be distressed by the experiments as they are going to be caged more than usual or in an unfamiliar environment
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what did singer (1976) suggest?
that pro speciesism is like racism, Some studies have found even that animals studies don't cause suffering
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name one practical advantage of using animals ?
easier to handle and manage e,g, administering drugs and controlling diet and the environment
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name one practical disadvantage of using animals?
their not identical to humans.They have a similar nervous system however they don't share important characteristics making it harder to generalise the findings
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what happens usually in animal studies that could cause a practical disadvantage
often isolate one variable which doesn't reflex the complexity of human life
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Card 2

Front

Should the experimenter look at alternative experimental methods before using animals?

Back

Yes

Card 3

Front

What principles must the researcher follow?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What tool can help an experimenter to decide whether or not to carry out an experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the three dimensions of the cube?

Back

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