Ethical Issues involved when using human pps in research in psychology

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What is the first ethical issue when using human pps in psychological research?
Protection from harm
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What does the bps state?
pps should not be placed in a position where they could experiment physical or psychological harm
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beyond what?
they would face in day to day life
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Why si this is a problem?
it is not always possible to anticipate any harm that may occur before the research takes place
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For example, what did Zimbardo check?
all prisoners and guards for mental and physical stability before the research began
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What was rejected?
all vulunerable people
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However, What did they still report?
feeling humiliated and be littled by the guards
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What did one develop?
psychosomatic rash and one went on hunger strike
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Secondly,What must be considered?
Deception
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What does the BPS state?
honesty is an important ethical principle that should be upheld wherever possible
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What is this issue?
problematic as deception in research means that pps are not given fully informed consent
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However, what did psychologists claim?
without a small degree of deception demand characteristics could arise
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For example, What did Milgam's study?
a masterpiece of deception as it involved a fixed draw for the teacher and learner
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as well as what?
the fact the shock generator was not real
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However without this we would not know what?
we do today about obedience as it is likely that all pps would have gone up to 450 Volts if they had known there was no harm to Mr Wallace
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Thirdly, what also has to be considered?
confidentiality and privacy
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It should not be possible to what?
trace pps personal information about performance and their role in the study back to individual pps
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If this were to occur then it is possible that a?
pp may be labelled or face potential harm
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However, when using methods such as case studies it is sometimes more?
difficult to establish what exactly counts as private
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An example of where confidentiality has been provided to pps is in the case of?
Rosenhan
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He did not name his pseudo patients in his report and ensured that?
they gave false names to the hospitals so that they would not face the long term stigma
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What was this associated with?
being diagnosed as schizophrenic or depressive
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What is a final issue ?
when pps so not feel they have or are not notified of their Right to withdraw from a study
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This is particularly problematic but why?
if they didnt give fully informed consent in the first place or when the study uses a double blind procedure
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For example, Langer and Rodin were not aware of what?
they were being assessed for the effect of enhanced responsiblity on happiness and well being and hence could not withdraw
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Card 2

Front

What does the bps state?

Back

pps should not be placed in a position where they could experiment physical or psychological harm

Card 3

Front

beyond what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why si this is a problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

For example, what did Zimbardo check?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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