ERA

how many ERA's werer there in Rutter's (2010) study?
165
1 of 15
how were the ERA's split up?
111 were adopted before they were 2 + 54 were adopted before they were 4
2 of 15
They were tested by Rutter at regular intervals, which were...?
4 - 6 -11 - 15 yrs old
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what were the studies Findings at the age of adoption?
the ERA's lagged behind their English counterparts in social, physical and cognitive ability - some were labeled as mentally retarded
4 of 15
what were the studies Findings at the age of 4?
some children had caught up with their English counterparts especially those adopted before the age of 6 months (no relationship issues)
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what were the studies Findings in subsequent studies?
The minority that had not caught up with their English counterparts were all adopted after 6 months and had trouble with relationships with their peers and attachment figures
6 of 15
Do La Mare and Audet (2006) support Rutter's study?
They studied Phisical growth and health and while the ERA's were smaller and weaker at the age of 4 1/2 this difference had disapeard by the age of 10
7 of 15
What did Zeanah (2005) find when comparing Romanian orphans to other Romanian children?
comparing the 136 orphans (12 - 31 months) to a control group in the Strange situaltion Zeanah found most of the Romainian orphans showed disneinbited attachment
8 of 15
what are the characteristics of physical underdevelopment?
Gardener (1972) smallnes is caused y lack of maternal care rather than malnourishment causing deprivation dwarfism
9 of 15
what are the characteristics of physical intellectual underfunctioning?
Skodak and Skeels 1949 - caused by emotional deprivation
10 of 15
What is disinhibited attachment?
a type of insecure attachment were infants treat all adults with inappropriate levels of affection
11 of 15
what did quinton etal discover?
comparing 50 women raised in institutions with 50 who were not - ex-institutionalized women had more trouble parenting
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E1: how may have individual differences played a role in the attachemnt of ERA's?
while most ERA's didn't form attachments outside of the sensitive perod some were able to - Rutter suggests this is because the temperament of the infant may have led to more early attachment experiances
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E2: how do these studies have real life application?
Singer (1985) was able to change the practice of adoption: instead of the mother being encouraged to nurse her baby in the sensitive period prior to adoption. today babies are adopted within 1 week of birth
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E3: what are the advatages of longatudinal studies?
despite the effort and planning involved in them they are emminsly useful: we may otherwise have concluded that poor attachment of orphans was due to the care conditions and that they couldn't recover
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Card 2

Front

how were the ERA's split up?

Back

111 were adopted before they were 2 + 54 were adopted before they were 4

Card 3

Front

They were tested by Rutter at regular intervals, which were...?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what were the studies Findings at the age of adoption?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what were the studies Findings at the age of 4?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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