Enzymes and Digestion

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What is an enzyme?
A biological catalyst that lowers activation energy
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What does amylase break down?
Starch to maltose by a condensation reaction
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What does lipase break down?
Lipids to glycerol and 3 fatty acids by a condensation reaction
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What does protease break down?
Proteins to amino acids by a condensation reaction
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What 2 monosaccharides form a glycosidic bond to make maltose?
Glucose + Glucose
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What 2 monosaccharides form a glycosidic bond to make sucrose?
Glucose + Fructose
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What 2 monosaccharides form a glycosidic bond to make lactose?
Glucose + Galactose
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What makes people lactose intolerant?
They don't produce enough lactase so lactose is fermented in the LI which produces gas
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What are the symptoms of lactose intolerant?
bloating, nausea, cramps and diarrhoea
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What is the test for starch?
.
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What is the test for reducing sugars?
.
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What is the test for proteins?
.
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what is the test for non reducing sugars?
.
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What is the test for lipids?
.
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What effect does temperature have on rate of reactions?
.
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What effect does the concentration of substrate have on rate of reactions?
.
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What effect does pH have on rate of reactions?
.
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What is the lock and key theory?
.
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What is the induced fit model?
.
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what are competitive inhibitors?
.
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what are non-competitive inhibitors?
.
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What are the 4 structures of proteins?
.
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What is the structure of a protein?
.
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What is absorption?
Taking molecules into the body
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What is assimilation?
Incorporating absorbed molecules into the body
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does amylase break down?

Back

Starch to maltose by a condensation reaction

Card 3

Front

What does lipase break down?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does protease break down?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What 2 monosaccharides form a glycosidic bond to make maltose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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