Enzymes

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Which two Enzymes are used in Biological Detergents?
Protease and Lipase. They digest the food stains, and work best around low temperatures, around 35*C.
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What Enzyme is used to Pre-Digest Baby Foods?
Protease. It pre-digests the long protein chains during the manufacture of the food.
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What is Carbohydrase used for?
To convert starch into sugar syrup for use in foods.
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How do we convert Glucose into Fructose?
We use the enzyme Isomerase. Fructose is much sweeter than glucose so is commonly used in slimming foods as a smaller amount is required.
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What is a Fermenter?
A container that holds the bacteria needed to produce enzymes. It provides them with nutrients needed for growth and occasionally stirs it's contents. Then, once ready, the bacteria's enzymes are released and purified.
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Why are Enzymes used in Industry?
Reactions can happen at lower temperatures and with lower pressures, therefore less energy is needed. This benefits profits and the environment. Furthermore, the enzymes can be reused.
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What are the Disadvantages of using Enzymes in Industry?
The enzymes are expensive to produce, and they denature at high temperatures/pHs. This is an irreversible reaction.
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Where is Amylase produced in the body, and what does it do?
It is produced in the salivary glands, pancreas and small intestine. It turns starch into sugars.
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Where is Protease produced in the body, and what does it do?
It is produced in the stomach, pancreas and small intestine. It turns proteins into amino acids.
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Where is Lipase produced in the body, and what does it do?
It is produced in the pancreas and small intestine. It turns lipids (fats/oils) into fatty acids and glycerol.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What Enzyme is used to Pre-Digest Baby Foods?

Back

Protease. It pre-digests the long protein chains during the manufacture of the food.

Card 3

Front

What is Carbohydrase used for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do we convert Glucose into Fructose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a Fermenter?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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