Enzymes

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What are proteins made from?
amino acids
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What are enzymes?
large proteins that are biological catalysts(they speed up reactions)
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what is the 'active site' of an enzyme
the shape that a substrate can fit
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Why do enzymes denature?
because the temperature is too high
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what happens when an enzyme denatures?
the active site changes
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Where are digestive enzymes made?
in specialized cells in glands and in the lining of the gut
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what is amylase?
a carbohdrase
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where is amylase produced?
salivary galnds, the pancreas and the small intestine
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what do carbohydrase enzymes do?
catalyse the digestion of starch into sugars in the mouth and small intestine
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what do protease enzymes do?
catalyse the breakdown of proteins into amino acids in the stomach and small intestine
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what do lipase enzymes do?
catalyses the breakdown of lipids(fats and oils) into fatty acids and glycerol
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Card 2

Front

What are enzymes?

Back

large proteins that are biological catalysts(they speed up reactions)

Card 3

Front

what is the 'active site' of an enzyme

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do enzymes denature?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what happens when an enzyme denatures?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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