Enzymes and nutrition

What is an enzyme?
A biological catalyst which brings about a biochemical reaction.
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What is it made of?
Proteins
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Where are they found?
Throughout the body
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The things enzymes work on are called?
Substrates
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4 types of enzyme
Amylase, catalase, starch synthase and DNA polymerase.
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Why is an enzymes 3D shape important?
Within the shape is a small pocket called the active site
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What happens when the temperature of an enzyme gets too hot?
It's molecular shape changes and it denaturalises
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What is optimum temperature?
The temp at which an enzyme works best
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What do digestive enzymes do in humans?
They break down large for molecules into smaller ones so they can be absorbed by the small intestine
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Proteins

Back

What is it made of?

Card 3

Front

Throughout the body

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Substrates

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Amylase, catalase, starch synthase and DNA polymerase.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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