Enzymes and Genetics

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What are enzymes ?
Catalysts produced by living things
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What is a catalyst ?
A substance which increases the speed of a reaction , without being changed or used up in the reaction
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What do enzymes need ?
The right temp and ph
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What do digestive enzymes do ?
They break down Big molecules into smaller ones
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What does Amylase do ?
Converts starch into sugar
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What does Protease do ?
Converts proteins into Amino Acids
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What does Lipase do ?
Converts Lipids into Glycerol and Fatty Acids 9
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What does bile do ?
Bile Neutralises the stomach acid and emulsifies fats
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What happens inside the large intestine ?
Water is absorbed from food
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What is stored in the Gall Bladder ?
Bile
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What is respiration ?
The process of releasing energy from glucose , which goes on in every cell
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Give the equation for Aerobic respiration
Glucose + oxygen > carbon dioxide + water + energy
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What does Aerobic respiration use up ?
Oxygen
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What does exercise increase ?
Heart rate
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What is used up during exercise ?
Glycogen
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When is Anaerobic respiration used ?
When there is not enough oxygen / Oxygen debt
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What is the equation for Anaerobic respiration ?
Glucose > energy + lactic acid
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Give a way enzymes are used in foods
In baby food , the proteins are pre - digested used enzymes , it makes it easier for the baby to swallow
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Give an advantage of enzymes
They are specific , they use low temps
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Give a disadvantage of enzymes
people
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a catalyst ?

Back

A substance which increases the speed of a reaction , without being changed or used up in the reaction

Card 3

Front

What do enzymes need ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do digestive enzymes do ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Amylase do ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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