Environmental ethics: Christian approach

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Environmental ethics is the application of ethical theories to...
...green crimes.
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Over the last hundred years, there has been a growing concern about the environment due to:
A soaring world population/ human beings are destroying planet resources and ecosystem in order to maintain increasing wealth/ improved lifestyle of human beings.
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Different ethical theories attempt to evaluate these problems and to develop moral solutions to...
...guide politicians and others in their quest for the way forward.
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A key issue in this topic is the nature of humanity's...
...relationship with and responsibility towards the environment.
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Define ecosystem:
Biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
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Christians believe that God created the universe out of...
...abundance of his love.
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The creation stories in genesis depict a perfect...
...word (out of limitless love).
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Christians believe that part of this act of limitless love is the creation of human beings who represent the pinnacle of...
...God's love.
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Human beings are special, set apart from other creatures, because...
...they are made in the image of God.(Genesis 1:27)
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Define stewardship:
The term Christians use to express the ida that God has put human beings in charge of the earth and therefore we have an obligation to look after it properly.
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The fact that human beings were told to name other creatures signifies....
...control and power over the creature that they named.
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What did Pope John Paul ll say on world peace day in 1990?
"Adam and Eve's call to share in the unfolding of God's plan of creation brought into play abilities and gifts which distinguish the human being from all other creatures."
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With dominion (authority), there comes...
...responsibility.
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Christians believe that they have a duty of care for the environment because God...
...created it for them.
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What did Sir Houghton argue in his book 'global warming?' (he's a Christian scientist)
God made the world for humanity and therefore the planet needs to be treated by human beings with respect and dedication.
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In the second book of Genesis, Adam is required to...
...look after the garden of eden.
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Define eschaton:
The end of the world (the final event in the divine plan.)
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In the book of Daniel in the Old Testament, one day the world will...
...come to an end.
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In many ways, this has affected the way in which Christians view...
...ecological problems.
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Although political leaders often gather to debate the issues of the effect of global warming but...
...little change occurs.
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For example: The Unites nations Climate change conference in 2009 in Copenhagen has made...
...minor progress to take the world beyond what was agreed at Kyoto summit of 1997/
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Some Christians argue that this inability of human beings to do what is necessary points to...
...the inevitable destruction of the world.
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Who argued that judgment day would be preceeded by the complete destruction of the earth?
Luther.
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In America, this idea is to be found within members of...
...the conservative protestant church.
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These protestants quote passages from the book of revelation which describes the events of the...
...Apocalypse (Known as the raptre).
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This consists of Christians, dead and living, rising up to heaven, the destruction of the world...
...the second come of Christ and God's final victory in the battle of Armageddon.
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For some Christians, this means that all is in God's hands so...
...there is nothing human beings can do about the environment that has any relevance.
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Yet Christians increasingly link environmental issues to God's...
...justice.
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It would be unjust for those in Western countries to exploit the natural resources fo developing countries and ruin...
...the lives of the world's poorest people.
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Define anthropocentric:
Regarding humankind as the central and most important element in existence.
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In 2008, a group of leaders of Southern Baptist Church in America began in a campaign to change...
...peoples' minds about how they view global warming.
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Cizik, the former executive of the National Association of Evangelicals, stated:
"To harm our world by environmental degradation is an offense against God.
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One understanding of Natural law theory offers a possible way out of the...
...problems created by anthropocentricity.
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What did Lossky argue?
Human beings are part of creation like the heart of the body. The heart may be of great importance but it cannot function if the lungs and other organs are in disrepair.
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Therefore, any damage to Creation must be prevented and it is up to humans to...
...put right any destruction that has already taken place.
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Define ecocentric:
The belief that the rights and needs of humans are not more important than those of other living things.
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In Western Europe and America, Catholic new natural law theorist have tried to go beyond the natural law thoery of...
...Aristole and Aquinas.
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For example: in 2002 Murphy but forward a practical of using reason to calculate...
...what ought to be done morally in a given situation.
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Who's list of basic goods needed to create eudaimonia and human well-being did Murphy adapt to create practical rationality?
Finnis.
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Examples of this last are:
aesthetic experience/ knowledge/ excellence at work.
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In 2009, Davison applied this list to create a...
...natural law-based environmental ethics.
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Therefore, the way th environment is seen as important for human development and for...
...the good (moral) life.
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In Natural law and ecocentrism, Donnelly and Bishop have....
...criticised this focus on the benefits to humanity of environmental care.
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They argue that the athropocentric nature of Aquinas' theory means that it does not give the natural world...
...intrinsic value.
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Natural law theory asserts that nature is useful because it serves human needs and not because...
...it demands respect for what it is.
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Donnelly and and Bishop argue that bothnew nature law and Aquinas' theory lack any...
...practical method of calcultating what needs to be done to solve environmental problems.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Over the last hundred years, there has been a growing concern about the environment due to:

Back

A soaring world population/ human beings are destroying planet resources and ecosystem in order to maintain increasing wealth/ improved lifestyle of human beings.

Card 3

Front

Different ethical theories attempt to evaluate these problems and to develop moral solutions to...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A key issue in this topic is the nature of humanity's...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define ecosystem:

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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