Environmental crime prevention and Social/Community crime prevention

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 04-05-15 16:53
What is environmental crime prevention based on?
Wilson's article, Broken Windows
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What does the phrase broken windows stand for?
All the various signs of disorder and lack of concern for others that are found in some neighbourhoods e.g. Graffiti, Begging, Dog fouling, vandalism etc.
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What does WILSON argue leaving windows unrepaired does?
It is tolerating aggressive behaviour and sending out a signal that no one cares
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What is there an absence of in neighbourhoods where such crimes take place?
Formal and informal social control. The police turn a blind eye and focus on more serious crimes, respectable community members feel intimidated and powerless
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What are the parts of the two-fold strategy that Wilson suggests for cracking down on crime?
1)Environmental improvement - broken windows must be repaired immediately 2)Zero tolerance policing - police must tackle even the slightest disorder even if it isn't criminal
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Give an example of zero tolerance policing being successful
In NY, the 'clean car program' was introduced on the subway in which cars were taken out of service if they had graffiti on them and returned once clean. As a result graffiti was largely removed
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What is social and community crime prevention?
It aims to remove the conditions that predispose individuals to commit crime. It tackles the root causes of offending, rather than just removing the opportunities for crime
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What is the best example of community crime prevention?
Perry pre-school project
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What happened in the Perry pre-school project?
Experimental group of 3-4yr olds were offered a two year intellectual enrichment program, during which the children received weekly home visits. It was a longitudinal study that followed the childrens progress
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What did the Perry pre-school project show?
By age 40 those who were involved in the project compared with the control group, had fewer lifetime arrests more had graduated from high school and were in employment.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the phrase broken windows stand for?

Back

All the various signs of disorder and lack of concern for others that are found in some neighbourhoods e.g. Graffiti, Begging, Dog fouling, vandalism etc.

Card 3

Front

What does WILSON argue leaving windows unrepaired does?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is there an absence of in neighbourhoods where such crimes take place?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the parts of the two-fold strategy that Wilson suggests for cracking down on crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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