7. In calculations concerning ΔG= ΔH - TΔS entropy is worked out using K

To convert C to K add 273 and the opposite to convert K to C

The entropy change that accompanies a reaction in the molar quantities as expressed in a chemical equation under standard conditions, all in standard states

8. The standard entropy S, of a substance is

The entropy content of one mole of the substance under standard conditions

S is always a positive number

9. The free energy change ΔG is

The balance between enthalpy, entropy, and temperature for a process: ΔG = ΔH - TΔS

The entropy change that accompanies a reaction in the molar quantities as expressed in a chemical equation under standard conditions, all in standard states

10. In calculations concerning ΔG= ΔH - TΔS 1, units must be the same for kJ/J

The units need to be the same, to convert ΔS to kJ K^-1 mol^-1 /1000

TΔS

11. Entropy increases during the changes in state that give more randomness, for example

solid (low entropy --> gas (high entropy)

Decreases

S is always a positive number

12. All substances posess some degree of disorder because particles are in constant motion, thus

S is always a positive number

Decreases

13. If a change makes a system more random ΔH is positive, and if a change makes a system more ordered, ΔS is