Entropy Key Points and Definitions

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1. The standard entropy change of a reaction can be calculated using the standard entropies of the reactants and products:

  • ΔSºreaction = ΣSº(products) - ΣSº(reactants)
  • The entropy content of one mole of the substance under standard conditions
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2. If a change makes a system more random ΔH is positive, and if a change makes a system more ordered, ΔS is

  • Negative
  • ΔSºreaction = ΣSº(products) - ΣSº(reactants)

3. In calculations concerning ΔG= ΔH - TΔS 1, units must be the same for kJ/J

  • The units need to be the same, to convert ΔS to kJ K^-1 mol^-1 /1000
  • TΔS

4. The standard entropy S, of a substance is

  • The entropy content of one mole of the substance under standard conditions
  • S is always a positive number

5. In calculations concerning ΔG= ΔH - TΔS entropy is worked out using K

  • To convert C to K add 273 and the opposite to convert K to C
  • The entropy change that accompanies a reaction in the molar quantities as expressed in a chemical equation under standard conditions, all in standard states

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Lizzie Keys

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This is quite helpful but the answers are obvious when only one option makes sense. Hehe.

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