1. The difference in the heat contents of the products and the reactants is called...?
- Heat of calorimetry
- Heat of the reaction
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2. Which of the following is used to calculate the change in enthalpy?
- Σ(heat content of the products) - Σ(heat content of the rectants).
- Σ(heat content of the reactants) - Σ(heat content of the products).
- Σ(heat content of the products) x Σ(heat content of the reactants).
3. When 1.0 mole of ZnO(s) decomposes, the ΔH = 348 kJ/mol of heat energy. What does this tell you about the formation of ZnO(s)?
- The formation of ZnO(s) does not require energy.
- The formation of ZnO(s) is exothermic.
- The formation of ZnO(s) is endothermic.
4. What does Hess' Law state?
- No materials are being added or taken away from a system in equilibrium, and no external conditions, such as temperature or pressure, are altered.
- If a reaction can take place by more than one route and the initial and final conditions are the same, the total enthalpy change is the same for each route.
- When a system in dynamic equilibrium is subjected to a change, the point of equilibrium will shift to minimise the change.
5. What is enthalpy change of formation?
- Tthe enthalpy change when solutions of an acid and an alkali react together under standard conditions to produce 1 mole of water.
- The enthalpy change of a compound when one mole of the compound, in its standard state, is formed from its constituent elements in their standard states.
- The enthalpy change that takes accompanies a rection in the molar quantities expressed in a chemical equation under standard conditions.
- The enthalpy change that takes place when one mole a substance reacts completly with oxygen under standard conditions.