Enthalpy Change definitions

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  • Created by: elyornais
  • Created on: 31-10-15 14:26
Standard molar enthalpy of formation.
The enthalpy change when one mole of a compound is formed from its constituent elements under standard conditions, all reactants and products in their standard states.
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Standard enthalpy change of atomisation.
The enthalpy change which accompanies the formation of one mole of gaseous atoms from the element in its standard state under standard conditions.
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First ionisation energy.
The standard enthalpy change when one mole of gaseous atoms is converted into a mole of gaseous ions. Each with a single positive charge.
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Second ionisation energy.
Loss of a mole of electrons from a mole of singly positively charged ions.
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First electron affinity.
The standard enthalpy change when a mole of gaseous atoms is concerted into a mole of gaseous ions, each with a single negative charge.
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The second electron affinity.
The enthalpy change when a mole of electrons is added to a mole of gaseous ions, each with a single negative charge, to form ions each with two negative charges.
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Lattice formation enthalpy.
The standard enthalpy change when one mole of a solid ionic compound is formed from its gaseous ions.
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Enthalpy of hydration.
The standard enthalpy change when water molecules surround one mole of gaseous ions.
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Enthalpy of solution.
The standard enthalpy change when one mole of solute dissolves completely in sufficient solvent to form a solution in which the molecules or ions are far enough apart not to interact with each other.
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Mean bond enthalpy.
The enthalpy change when one mole of gaseous molecules each breaks a covalent bond to form two free radicals, averaged over a range of compounds.
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Card 2

Front

The enthalpy change which accompanies the formation of one mole of gaseous atoms from the element in its standard state under standard conditions.

Back

Standard enthalpy change of atomisation.

Card 3

Front

The standard enthalpy change when one mole of gaseous atoms is converted into a mole of gaseous ions. Each with a single positive charge.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Loss of a mole of electrons from a mole of singly positively charged ions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The standard enthalpy change when a mole of gaseous atoms is concerted into a mole of gaseous ions, each with a single negative charge.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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