Ennett 1994

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1. There were more non-smoking cliques than smoking cliques suggesting that...

  • peer pressure led more to non smoking than smoking
  • they lied within the questionnaires
  • not every pupil was present at questionnaire intake
  • they made up the results so it fit with their initial hypothesis
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2. They also found that the cliques tended

  • to think that boys smoking was more accetable
  • to encourage smoking rather than not smoking
  • to encourage non smoking rather than smoking
  • to smoke more at school than at home

3. How did they measure the cliques?

  • A tally
  • Reciprocated and non-reciprocated links
  • How many people listed that person as their friend
  • Interviews

4. A strength of the self report data used would be that

  • the data was provided by the pp themselves and so is likely to be more valid
  • It's easier for them to fix the results
  • It is unreliable as pps may alter their answers due to social desirability bias

5. How many friendship cliques were found over the schools they used?

  • 90
  • 87
  • 55
  • 67


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