Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism and Modernism

Why did the Age of the Clock come into practice?
Time was no longer measured by church bells
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What was one of the benefits of cheaper transport?
It allowed more communication between countries
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What did the Age of Media allow for?
Public opinion to be voiced
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Why did coffee houses become social and intellectual meeting places?
Public needed a place away from church
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This period is one of increasing........
sociability
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What was public opinion critical of?
Political, cultural and social systems
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Where did Enlightenment have long roots from?
Mid 18th Century onwards
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Name the two key principles within the thought of Enlightenment
Reason and Universality
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What do reason and universality mean?
No tradition or religion
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What type of revolutionaries were the philosophes?
Not active, questioned assumptions about power and moral authority
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Why were the rediscoveries of Pompeii and Herculaneum important?
Set in motion a wave of interest for Ancient Greece and Rome
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In Neo-Classicism what did artists have to take inspiration from?
Ancient Greece and Rome
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In Neo-Classicism art had to aspire to be............ understood
universally
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What was the rule about showing emotion in paintings?
It had to be contained
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What did the concept of the 'engaged artist' mean?
They were involved with current events
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In Romanticism where should artists be focussed?
Locally or nationally
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Instead of imitating art, what should they do with it?
Express reality
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What was there a growing concern with and in what age was this more noticeable?
Real issues, the age of the social question
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What did artists have to adapt to?
Social changes
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In France who was art aimed at?
The public
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Why was the introduction of libraries and book sales so important?
Had important part in marketing art amongst bourgeois
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Why did artists begin to despise romanticism?
They wanted realism
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What was the only thing artists would agree to paint?
Things they had seen or lived through
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What was realism challenged by?
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
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In the pre-Raphaelite brotherhood what did they want artists to convey?
Impressions and nature
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In modernism what did they want art to be?
Authentic not realistic
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was one of the benefits of cheaper transport?

Back

It allowed more communication between countries

Card 3

Front

What did the Age of Media allow for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did coffee houses become social and intellectual meeting places?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

This period is one of increasing........

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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