English Terminology

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  • Created by: tomocking
  • Created on: 09-05-14 14:29
Common noun
Naming word for something that doesn't need a capital e.g chair, table, penguin.
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Abstract noun
Naming word for an idea, concept or state of mind or belief e.g sadness, tidiness, love, Marxism.
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Proper noun
Names of places or people e.g Tommy, England, France.
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Verb
A doing word e.g playing, fighting.
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Active verb
Word that represents a physical action e.g jump, fight, play, slap.
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Stative verb
A word that represents a process that is often done mentally e.g think, love, belive.
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Auxiliary verb
Has to be used with another verb to create present participals or the future tense e.g "I AM going".
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Modal verb
Auxiliary verb that expresses a possibility or neccesity e.g might, could, should.
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Adjective
Decribing words that modifies a noun e.g GREEN bridge.
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Adverb
Describing word that modifies all other words except nouns e.g weirdly, fearfully, brutally.
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Superlative
Adjectives most extreme value of something e.g most, biggest, smallest.
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Comparative
Adjective that relates to one thing in some way to another e.g smaller, bigger, further.
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Definite article
E.g "the".
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Indefinite article
E.g "a" or "an".
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Pronoun
A word that replaces a noun e.g him, her, she, they.
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First person pronoun
I, and the first person plural: we, our, us.
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Second person pronoun
E.g "you".
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Third person pronoun
E.g "he, she, him her, it".
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Possesive pronoun
E.g "my, mine, our, your".
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Demonstrative pronoun
E.g "that, those, this".
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Monosyballic lexis
Words of one syllable.
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Polysyballic lexis
Words of two or more syllables.
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Imperative
Used as a command.
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Declarative
Making a statement.
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Interrogative
Asking a question.
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Exclamatory
Conveys a strong sense of emotion, or overly strong emphasis.
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Register
Level of formality of a text.
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Tenor
Relationship or the ton between author and reader, and how its created.
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Colloquilism
Informal language e.g bloke, fella, bog, ****.
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Hypothora
When a rheitorical question answers itself straight after e.g Is this the best film ever? yes it is.
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Hyperbole
Added exaggeration.
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Pre-modification
The descriptive words come before the thing they're describing e.g the big and fat, wad of cash.
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Post-modification
The description of something comes after the thing they're describing e.g the wad of cash, big and fat.
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Metaphor
Comparison that states something is something else e.g "take a leaf out of her book".
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Similie
Comparison that states something is "like" or "as" something else e.g "i'm like a demon driver".
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Allusion
Refer to something metaphorically.
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Pathetic fallacy
The weather mirrors emotions.
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Personification
Something non human is given human qualities e.g "the tree danced in the wind".
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Lexis
Use this instead of the word "word".
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Semantics
The meanings of words.
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Acronym
Words created by initials of other words e.g RSPCA, RAF.
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Synonym
Alternate word choice that has similar or the same meaning e.g horror and fright.
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Oxymoron
Use of contradictory words together e.g hot ice, peaceful war.
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Onomatopoeia
The word sounds the same its spelt e.g kaboom.
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Consonance
Repition of double constanants e.g better buy more butter before i go out.
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Assonance
Repitition of the vowel sound e.g you should wear a hood whilst you chop the wood good.
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Anthropomorphism
Animal takes on human qualities like wearing clothes and talking etc.
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Taboo
Swear words that can't be said politely e.g ****.
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Euphemism
The polite way to say something that is not usually acceptable e.g "I'm going for a tinkle".
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Abstract noun

Back

Naming word for an idea, concept or state of mind or belief e.g sadness, tidiness, love, Marxism.

Card 3

Front

Proper noun

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Verb

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Active verb

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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