English Reformation

What was Martin Luther's social stance?
Social conserative
1 of 86
What did Martin Luther feel about printing of the Bible in German?
Not to attack the social order but to legitimate his views
2 of 86
When was Lollardy significant?
3 of 86
What did the Lollards, like later Protestants, want?
Bible in English
4 of 86
Was it dangerous for Lollard communities to have manuscripts of venacular Bibles?
5 of 86
What kind of people were Lollards?
Middling sorts - merchants, well off artisans etc. Relatively powerful within their village, what would be called the better sort of people by the end of the 16th century
6 of 86
Where was heretical belief largely to be found?
Cloth production areas
7 of 86
What connected the industrial textile villages?
Roman roads - economic movement due to need for traffic of goods through village
8 of 86
What was different about weaving communities to rural areas?
Tended to exhibit higher literacy
9 of 86
What was there a slippage between in the earliest stages of the English Reformation in the 1520s and 1530s?
Late medieval Lollardy and early Protestantism
10 of 86
Henry VIII granted title of Defender of the Faith as denounced Luther
11 of 86
In Norwich what was the effect of the dissolution of the monasteries?
To release a third of all land
12 of 86
What was the second largest city in the British Isles at the time of the dissolution?
13 of 86
Plgrimage of Grace
Five Wounds of Christ
14 of 86
In what year was every parish church in England and Wales required to have a copy of the Bible in English?
15 of 86
What is historiography coming to argue?
Reason why Protestantism suceeded in long term was not so much that people welcomed it but that given a choice between secular and religious loyalties, the Crown was more important than papacy
16 of 86
What did the rebels in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire in 1536 argue?
Claiming not to be against Henry VIII, only his advisers
17 of 86
What did the Act for the Advancement of True Religion (1543) say?
Encouraged 'noble men and gentlemen' to read venacular Bible to household, no women or those below husbandmen should read the Bible or New Testament in English
18 of 86
What is the Prayer Book Rebellion commonly seen as against?
Edward VI's increasingly Calvinist Reformation
19 of 86
Name two people burnt by Mary I
Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley
20 of 86
Approximately how many people were burnt during the reign of Mary I?
21 of 86
In the 1960s how did Dickens etc view Marian burning of heretics?
Profound oppression
22 of 86
In 1970s how was Marian burning of heretics viewed?
'Only' 400 people and compare to French Civil Wars or cofnlict in Germany
23 of 86
How did Scarisbruck etc view Marian burnings?
24 of 86
What is the issue with the 1970s view of Marian burnings?
400 people within short time is a large number executed for religious dissidence, plus was issue for those burnt!
25 of 86
What is far more important to the future of Protestant Reformation than the burnings themselves?
How the repression was remembered
26 of 86
What does an anti-popery woodcutting of Thomas Cranmer show?
Him putting his hand it to the fire because he had abjured his faith
27 of 86
What is the protestantization thesis advanced by Patrick Collinson?
Protestant Reformation has to be understood in cultural terms. Long transformation in sense of religious loyalty. Change in mentalities and world view
28 of 86
When was the German Peasants' War?
29 of 86
Why is the German Peasants' War not misnamed?
It was not just 1525, it was not just peasants and it was not just in Germany
30 of 86
German Peasants War
Major popuar and urban rebellion in central Europe in support of radical reformation; vigorously repressed
31 of 86
Kett's Rebellion
Norfolk, 1549
32 of 86
Give an example from the articles of Kett's Rebellion
"We pray that all bondmen should be made free for God made all free with his precious blood spilling
33 of 86
Oak of Reformation
Mousehold Heath (Kett's Rebellion)
34 of 86
What do the German articles in 1525 and the Norfolk articles have in common?
Made use of Scripture as a way of unpicking social insubordination.
35 of 86
What is the first key issue of Seminar 3?
How did ordinary men and women respond to the early stages (1532
36 of 86
What did many people who saw the confusion regarding faith during the Reformation think?
"the devyll reyneth over us nowe"
37 of 86
During the reformation could breaches of ecclesiastical discipline be taken as tantamount to heresy?
38 of 86
Give an example of where breaches of ecclesiastical discipline was taken as tantamount to heresy
Freebarn's wife was taken before London city authorities in 1539 for breaking Lenten fast
39 of 86
Give an example of the inflammatory effect of sermons upon volatile London society?
Iconoclasm against the celebrated rood at St Margaret Pattens on 22 May 1538
40 of 86
When did Latimer preach at Paul's Cross against images?
21st May 1538
41 of 86
What does an examination of lay subsidy assessments for London in 1536 and 1544 show? (personal wealth of 57/190 of laymen and women charged with heresy in 1540)
Rich adopted new ways as readily as poor - among indicted 1540 were lawyers from Inns of Court and people of considerable wealth as well as apprentices and servants
42 of 86
Two people charged with heresy in London in 1540 had personal wealth above £500. Name them.
JOHn Browne and Eliz Statham
43 of 86
What does Robert Hawkins argue?
Late Tudor religion and politics were shaped by lingering puritan distrust of those who had conformed during Marian persecution
44 of 86
Within Norwich what percentage of people lived in urban centres?
45 of 86
What did Karl Marx argue about puritanism?
Religion of bourgeois
46 of 86
Why was Karl Marx wrong?
In assumption that puritanism represented revolution and English Revolution as a class war
47 of 86
What does Andy Wood argue about puritanism?
Marx's simple assumption that there is a relationship between puritanism and capitalism is true
48 of 86
In which area were the most heretics burnt in Mary I's reign?
London followed by Kent
49 of 86
What proportion of Marian martyrs were burned at Canterbury?
ONE in seven
50 of 86
What is significant about the Marian martyrs from Kent?
Many, perhaps half, were from the villages and cloth towns of the Kentish weald. ALl but two laypeople, vast majority from lower orders
51 of 86
What proportion of Kentish martyts were women?
Almost one in three
52 of 86
Nationally, what percentage of Marian martyrs were female?
53 of 86
What does Eamon Duffy say about the significance of Kent?
"Kent almost certainly had a greater proportion of committed Protestants than any other part of England"
54 of 86
Where was there a strong Lollard presence, discovered in a drive against heresy on behalf of Archbishop Warham in 1511?
55 of 86
What does Patrick Collinson say about Protestantism?
"Protestants were a minority sect until well into Elizabeth's reign, with the 1570s forming a watershed."
56 of 86
What does Diarmaid MacCulloch say about the use of the term Protestantism?
Anachronistic to use the term with definitional precision before reign of Edward VI
57 of 86
What did an order issued by Henry VIII in June 1534 say?
For a year no one was to preach for or against purgatory, saint worship, clerical marriage, justification by faith, pilgrimage and miracles..
58 of 86
What does Collinson remind about Henry VIII's religious policy?
Conservative triumph after fall of Cromwell should not be overexaggerated. Monasteries and shrines were not restored and Bible not remoed from parish churches
59 of 86
Did the Six Articles uphold transubstantiation?
Yes but did not use the word itself
60 of 86
What was significant about the wording in the Six Articles about confession?
Described confession to a priest as "expedient and necessary to be retained" rather than something commanded by the law of God
61 of 86
What does the scale of popular involvement in the Pilgrimage of Grace suggest?
Widespread unease about Henrician religious policies as they impacted on arish leel
62 of 86
What does Patrick Collinson suggest about 'real' reformation?
DID not hit English local communities until reign of Edward VI
63 of 86
Robert Whiting has demonstrated that traditional devotions to images were thriving up to the mid-1530s, but how effective were the Injunctions?
Offerings to images virtually disappear from accounts after 1536, even before banned by 1538 Injunctions, and after 1538 no new images were purchased.
64 of 86
Who did Mary I detest?
Cranmer - instrument of her own and her mother's humiliation
65 of 86
Approximately how many fled England to Protestant towns abroad during the reign of Mary I?
1000 to Protestant towns of Franfkurt, Wesel, Geneva, Zurich, Strassburg and Emden
66 of 86
Did Mary I's opposition strengthen Protestantism?
YES! Hooper and Ridley remembered not as scheming political opponents but as heroes dying in common case
67 of 86
What does D.M. Pallisher say about the reception faced by Protestantism up to the 1570s?
"it should occasion no surprise that the reception of Protestantism, like that of any new belief or ideology, had an uneven impact"
68 of 86
What does Keith Thomas emphasise about religious practice?
Not all Englishmen went to church and that "many of those who did went with considerable reluctance, and that a certain proportion remained.. utterly ignorant of the elementary tenets of Christian dogma"
69 of 86
Where was recusant Catholicism created in the 1560s and 1570s by local clergy and migrant priests from the South?
Upland England
70 of 86
By 1603 what percentage of secular priests were in the south-east and east
71 of 86
By 1603 what percentage of detected English recusants were in the south and south east?
72 of 86
By 1603 what percentage of detected English recusants were in the north?
73 of 86
By 1603 what percentage of priests to north?
74 of 86
In 1580 where were half of missionary priests working in England?
ESSEx, London and Thames Valley (only fifth of detected recusants)
75 of 86
Why was there a geographical concentration of missionary priests that did not match recusant population?
Devote most attention to substantial gentry who weremost numerous in south and might spend part of year in London
76 of 86
What did the instructions given to the first Jesuit missionaries in 1580 say?
PAY attention to gentry above all
77 of 86
What does Christopher Haigh remind about the fact that so many Catholic missionaries went to south?
"the Jesuits and seminaries were men, not saints" (post-Armada, relative safety of manor houses)
78 of 86
What has been one of the most pronounced shifts in British historical thought since the 1980s?
Re-interpretation of English Reformation. Once presented as swift and sure Protestant transformation that swept all of England has lately appeared as slow and not immediately successful
79 of 86
Name two historians who present the English Reformation as speedy.
A.G. Dickens and Geoffrey Elton
80 of 86
Patrick Collinson quote about 1570s
"it is only with the 1570s that the historically minded insomniac goes to sleep counting Catholics rather than Protestants, since only then did they begin to find themselves in a minority situation"
81 of 86
What is the agreement about the "Catholic community" after 1559?
Sustained largely by members of the gentry within their households and reliant on the serices of household and roving priests
82 of 86
What does Haigh say about he church?
"For a decade or more, the Church of England was a Protestant Church with many Catholic churches, for even longer, it was a Protestant Church with many Catholic, or at least conservative, clergy."
83 of 86
Through the first half of the reign of Elizabeth I the shortage of Protestant preachers was acute. What does a survey of the diocese of Peterborough in 1560 show?
Only nine preachers among 166 clergy
84 of 86
When was adolescence thought to last between?
Ages of 15 and 25
85 of 86
What does Philip Hughes point out about the Marian martyrs?
38 of the 52 martyrs hose ages he ascertained had not reached fourteen until after the break with Rome, were not proerly apostate as had never renounced Catholicism
86 of 86

Other cards in this set

Card 2


What did Martin Luther feel about printing of the Bible in German?


Not to attack the social order but to legitimate his views

Card 3


When was Lollardy significant?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What did the Lollards, like later Protestants, want?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Was it dangerous for Lollard communities to have manuscripts of venacular Bibles?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards




Why do people just leave a little teaser of their content? I mean, I will not copy your work, I promise. But please give me a little bit of reason to decide whether or not to carry on with this work. Last time, when I was looking for economics essay writing services in UK, the site I chose was the one that was very clear about themselves. This is how it works. I am sure your content would be great but please can you show a little more text for the demo?

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all EME resources »