English Language Theorists

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They believe that language acquisition is linked to the development of the brain and is part of a wider understanding of life
Cognitive Theorists
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Also called 'motherese,' refers to the form of language used by parents when talking to children
Child Directed Speech
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They believe that language is acquired through imitation and reinforcement
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After showing children an imaginary animal named a 'wug,' she asked them what one would call two of the animals, three quarters of the children replied with 'wugs.' Showing the standardised and accepted form of the suffix '-s'
Jean Berko- 1958
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Halliday suggests that children acquire language to allow for development in their lives.
Halliday's Taxonomy- 1975
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Younger children need physical items to support their play and development.
Vygotsky- 1976
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The Zone of Proximal Development suggests that children and adult can work together to move towards competence, knowledge and independence.
Vygotsky- 1976
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Pretend Play (sometimes called sociodramatic play) allows children to adopt roles and create identities. Usually starts around age four.
Catherine Garvey- 1977
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Children have a larger vocabulary if their mothers interact with them regularly.
Alison Clark-Stewart
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Language Acquisition Support System: daily routines have language-based rules which allow children to learn them (such as non-verbal actions, and prosodic features, turn-taking and syntax)
Jerome Bruner- L.A.S.S (Speech)
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When adults use books to interact with children, it encourages their development
Jerome Bruner- L.A.S.S (Reading)
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Suggested that children had a critical period in which they can learn or acquire language.
Eric Lenneberg
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Reinforcement- a behaviourist view, that suggests that when developing language, children need encouragement to develop themselves.
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Language Acquisition Device: humans have a L.A.D, which is an innate mechanism that allows children to process language.
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Those who believe the ability to acquire language is innate.
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Non-Chronological writing is more difficult for children because they must be able to link the ideas between previously mentioned ideas.
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'Fis Theory': A child who says 'fis' will not understand an adult when they do the same.
Berko and Brown
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Imitation Theory: children learn language through either positive or negative reinforcement
B. F. Skinner
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Card 2


Child Directed Speech


Also called 'motherese,' refers to the form of language used by parents when talking to children

Card 3




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Card 4


Jean Berko- 1958


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Card 5


Halliday's Taxonomy- 1975


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