English Language Theorists

HideShow resource information
Berko & Brown
Fis Phenomenon - A child who mispronounces the word 'fis' (fish) cannot understand what an adult means when they use 'fis' but can understand when the say 'fish'
1 of 20
Katherine Nelson
Categorising First Words - Identifies four categories of first words; naming, actions or events, describing or modifying and personal or social words.
2 of 20
Skinner
Imitation theory - Children copy adults and learn language through the positive or negative reinforcement they receive from the imitation
3 of 20
Chomsky
Innateness/ Nativist theory - Humans are born with a pre-disposition to language, they have 'linguistic universals' and a LAD. They are equipped to discover the grammar of their language as they have innate grammar.
4 of 20
Eve Clark
Over and Under extension theory - Children base over extensions on 1) the physical qualities of an object 2) features such as taste, sound, movement, shape and size
5 of 20
Rescorla
Division of over extensions - She divided over extensions into 3 groups; categorical, analogical and mismatch statements
6 of 20
Jean Aitchison
Stages of linguistic developments - labeling, packaging and network building
7 of 20
Jean Piaget
Social Interactionalist theory -Linguistic development with an understanding of the concepts surrounding the words meanings, Speech development is linked to the development of the brain, sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete and formal operational
8 of 20
Ursula Bellugi
Stages of negative formation - children find it difficult to use negatives correctly and learn forms of the negative in three stages; no - don't - am not
9 of 20
David Crystal
Addition to negatives - When pragmatic competence is achieved, youngsters learn to copy parents use of words like 'maybe'
10 of 20
Ursula Bellugi
Pronoun development - Pronouns are difficult to master and therefore children learn them in three stages
11 of 20
Roger Brown
Morphemes are acquired in a particular order
12 of 20
Jean Berko
Wugs - An imaginery creature called a 'wug' and asked children to say what more than one would be called, 75% of them said 'wugs' appylying Chomsky's theory
13 of 20
Micheal Halliday
Hallidays taxonomy - Children acquire language in order to facilitate developments in life instrumental, regulatory etc. Pragmatic view unlike ...
14 of 20
John Doore
Functions of language - Individual utterances rahter than the broad picture, labelling, answering repeating, practising
15 of 20
Lev Vygotsky
Childrens play - Props or pivots are often used to support play, older children use their imagination. role play as adults exploing their envbiroment ' zone of proximal development' how adults and children work together
16 of 20
Catherine Garvey
Pretend play - Children adopt rules and identities acting out story lines, inventing objects and settings. Practice social interaction and negotiation.
17 of 20
Alison Clarke Stewart
CDS - children have a large vocabulary if their mothers talk to them alot
18 of 20
Jerome Bruner
LASS - (language acquisition support system) ritualised activities such as a set meal and bed time are predictable so that children can learn. games such as peekaboo are included. Scaffolding is a key part to his theory
19 of 20
Eric Lenneburg
Critical period - A set time in which kids should pick up language, he argues that id they didn't evolve language skills by the age of 5, full grammatical fluency would never be had
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Categorising First Words - Identifies four categories of first words; naming, actions or events, describing or modifying and personal or social words.

Back

Katherine Nelson

Card 3

Front

Imitation theory - Children copy adults and learn language through the positive or negative reinforcement they receive from the imitation

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Innateness/ Nativist theory - Humans are born with a pre-disposition to language, they have 'linguistic universals' and a LAD. They are equipped to discover the grammar of their language as they have innate grammar.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Over and Under extension theory - Children base over extensions on 1) the physical qualities of an object 2) features such as taste, sound, movement, shape and size

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Child language acquisition resources »