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6. Labov's research highlighted the issue of convergence- what is this?

  • Changing our speech style to fit in with a certain group
  • Forming a group based on similar speech styles
  • Being friends with people of a similar dialect to you
  • Changing your dialect to make people think you are more educated

7. What did Brown and Levison define as a 'face threatening act'?

  • an act that damages the face of the addressee or the speaker by insulting their face
  • an act that damages the face of the addressee or the speaker by acting in opposition to the wants and desires of the other.
  • an act that damages the face of the addressee or the speaker by actually hurting them
  • an act that damages the face of the addressee or the speaker by threatening them in a social way

8. Who said "language can be 'face saving' or 'face threatening'"

  • Goffman
  • Brown and Levison
  • Fairclough
  • Wareing