English Language

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Lexis
Vocabulary
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Semantics
Study of meanings within a text
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Grammar
Organisation of language
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Phonology
Study of sounds in a language
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Graphology
Study of visual features of a text
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Pragmatics
Study of implicit meanings (implicit- suggested not directly expressed)
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Discourse
Language of particular field
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Idiolect
Language use that is typical of a particular person
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Phatic talk
Not necessary, but polite- makes conversations run smoothly
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Expressive talk
Communicating feelings, ideas, emotions and opinions
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Referential talk
Giving information or talking about a particular topic
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Transactional talk
Interchange between at least two people with purpose of achieving a goal
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Framing
Phatic talk, e.g. 'hi how're you?', 'see you soon'
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Initiating
Starting a new topic
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Register
The relationship between the language and its context
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Tone
Politeness, degrees of formality and relative status of participants
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Mode
Spoken or written
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Representatives
Speaker commited to the truth of a situation, e.g. 'affirm', 'conclude'
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Directives
Speaker directs someone to do something
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Expressives
Speaker expresses an attitude. e.g. 'thanks', 'your welcome'
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Intonation
tone/ quality of voice
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Prosodoic features
Non-verbal aspects of speech
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Paralinguistic features
Body language shrugging, facial expressions
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Fillers
sounds for thinking time, e.g. 'ah' and 'er'
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Back channel behaviour/ minimal responses
Listener does this to encourage the speaker to continue, 'uh huh' and 'mmmm'
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Hedges
'well', 'sort of' and 'kind off'
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Prescriptivism
Belief that one type of language is acceptable- judgemental
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Descriptivism
View that all types of language are acceptable
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Sociolect
Language that is typically used by the members of a particular social group
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Taboo
Swearing
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Connotation
An idea or feeling which a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning
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Cohesion
When lexis in a text creates a chain of meanings throughout a text
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Concrete nouns
Things which are visible- 'potato', 'house'
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Abstract nouns
Names we have for ideas, emotions, occasions and times
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Proper nouns
Names we would give to specific people and places
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Common nouns
classify things into types or general categories
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Adjectives
words that describe nouns
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Modifiers
words that describe a noun that can include adjectives, verbs and nouns themselves
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Verbs
words which express actions and states
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Lexical
a verb that gives menaing in a verb phrase, 'i am cooking'
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Auxiliary
verb that supports the main verbs, 'to be' or 'to have'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Semantics

Back

Study of meanings within a text

Card 3

Front

Grammar

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Phonology

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Graphology

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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