English Language

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Common Noun
a naming word for a thing that is tangible e.g chair, penguin, man, murderer, ghost
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Verb
a word that represents an action or processs: a 'doing' word
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Active Verb
that represents a physical action e.g run, jump, sleep
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Stative Verb
a word that represents a process that is often only mental e.g think, believe, love
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Auxiliary Verb
a verb that has been used with another verb in order to creat present participles or the future tense e.g "DID you go?" "I AM going" "You WILL go"
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Modal Verb
an auxiliary verb that express a degree of either possibility or necessity e.g might, could, must, should, may
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Adjective
A describing verb that modifies a noun
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Adverb
A describing word that modifies all types of words, excluding nouns
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3rd Person Pronoun
him, her, she, it. Plural: them, those
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Posessive Pronoun 1st, 2nd, 3rd
my, mine, our, your, his, hers, theirs
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First Person Pronoun
I and, the first person plural: we, our, us
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Second Person Pronoun
You
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Definite Article
The
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Indefinite Article
A or an
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Self-Reflexive Pronoun
Me
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Superlative
an adjective that displays the most extreme value of its quality e.g most, biggest, smallest, worst '-est'
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Comparative
an adjective that relates on thing in some way to another and usually ends in '-er' e.g bigger, smaller, further
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Demostrative Pronoun
this, that, those
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Monosyllabic lexis
words of one syllable
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Polysyllabic lexis
words of two or more syllable
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Register
level of formality of the text
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Tenor
the tone, or the relationship between author and reader and how it is created
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Ellipsis
when parts of a written structure are missing
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Syntax
the ways word form sentences
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Parenthesis
an aside within a text created by sectioning off extra information between brackets, dashes or inbetween commas. 'Parenthetic commas, brackets dashes'
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Hypophora
when a rhetorical question is immediately followed by an answer in a text e.g "Is this the best film ever? You bet it is!"
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Parallelism/patterning
the creations of patterns in a text either through repetition or through structures. This can be for emphasis or to add a sense of gathering momentum, to a point being made.
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Pre-modification
a descriptive technique where the discriptive words come before the thing they are describing e.g the (big),[fat] wad of cash spewed from his {inadequate pocket}
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Post-modification
a descriptive technique where the discriptive words come after the thing they are describing e.g the wad of cash, (big and fat), spewed from his pocket
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Semantics
the meanings of words
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Homonym
when one word has multiple meaning e.g great can mean both size and positivity
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Collocations
words that through usage just naturally go together, we collectively understand that are inextricably linked e.g Laurel and Hardy
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Clipping
colloquial omission of parts of words to create a more casual alternative e.g 'cause, bra, pram
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Rhetoric
an example of persuasive language, arguably including advertising
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Semantic Shift
the shifts in words meaning over time e.g 'sick' evolves to become something other than illness but a slang reference to something positive
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Discourse
the study of spoken language
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Paralinguistic Features
literally 'beyond language' The things that aid communication but don't literally constitute language e.g body language, facial expressions, laughter
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Prosodic Features
stress, intonation and pitch
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Topic Shifter
an utterance thats moves a conversation on to another topic e.g "Anyway..."
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Interrupted Construction
the breadown of an utterance where half way through the speaker will completely change tact, focus or topic and move onto something else
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a word that represents an action or processs: a 'doing' word

Back

Verb

Card 3

Front

that represents a physical action e.g run, jump, sleep

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a word that represents a process that is often only mental e.g think, believe, love

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a verb that has been used with another verb in order to creat present participles or the future tense e.g "DID you go?" "I AM going" "You WILL go"

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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