English language

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  • Created by: DanielleB
  • Created on: 19-01-14 16:04
Mode
Text type (what is it/genre)
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Field
Topic/subject
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Function
Purpose
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Tenor
The relationship between the audience and the writer (The level of formality)
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Imperative
A command e.g. Get that phone
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Interrogative
Anything that poses a question e.g. (get that phone) will you?
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Declarative
A statement e.g. You don't mind (do you?)
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Semantic field
Words related by meaning but not directly linked to the main topic e.g. Flower&Heart has the semantic field of love
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Pragmatics
What the language suggests/implies
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Jargon
Often complex and difficult to understand, similar to subject specific lexis
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Transactional
Formal communication
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Interactional
Informal communication
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Phatic talk
Emotive or social talk instead of communicating information
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Colloquial lexis
Regional slang
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Graphemes
Can either be ornamental or phonetic e.g. wot, kwik fit
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Sibilance
The repeat of the 's' sound
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Assonance
The repeat of the same sound (Only ever in the middle of vowels) e.g. lonely moated
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Prsodic feature
Indication of stress/pitch/tone
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Filler
e.g. er or erm
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Elision
e.g. i'm, it's, can't
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Elevated lexis
Sophisticated and unusual lexis
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Alliteration
Two or more of the same sound at the beginning of words placed closely together
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Homophone
Words that sound the same that are spelt differently e.g. 'see' and 'sea'
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Consonance
The repeat of consonants e.g. 'little kettle'
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Hyperbole
Rhetorical exaggeration
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Oxymoron
Opposites e.g. bittersweet, almost done
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Polysyllabic
3 or more syllables
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Monosyllabic
1 or 2 syllables
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Archaisms
Old fashioned words
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Literate lexis
Literacy type words
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Connotative
A figurative definition e.g. 'I just wander through life'
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Referential
the literal dictionary meaning/definition
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Neologisms
New words from existing ones e.g. bus from autobus
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Blend word
e.g. mankini, motel, jedward
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Dysphemism
Rude/impolite/insulting
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Euphemism
Polite e.g. passed away instead of died
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Metonymy
Figurative way of conveying the body behind something e.g. The whitehouse issued a sentence
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Broadening
The meaning broadens
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Narrowing
The meaning narrows
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Semantic bleaching
The word loses it's meaning/impact
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Pejoration
Words change to a negative meaning
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Amelioration
Words change to a positive meaning
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Antonym
Opposites in meaning e.g. long/short, black/white
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Hypernym
The umbrella term for a whole category e.g. car
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Hyponym
The individual names for a category e.g. BMW
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Compounds
Two words come together to create a new meaning e.g. Laptop
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Collocations
Words put together as a phrase with its own meaning e.g. 'It's all there in black and white'
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Meronym
A part of something used to refer to the whole e.g. headcount
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Noun phrase
Has a : Determiner (The, a, at, my) Possesive (My, your, his) Adjective (bright, good) Prepostion (on, over)
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Common noun
People, Places and objects
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Proper noun
Specific names, titles, places etc
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Collective noun
Group or collection of objects, people or animals e.g the band
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Concrete noun
Names of things that are solid and physically exist
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Abstract noun
Lacks physicality but still exists e.g. feelings, ideas etc
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Dynamic verb
Describes actions or things that happen e.g. Activity, process and momentary action
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Adjectival phrase
Expand noun phrases
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Compound adjective
Two or more adjectives together e.g. 'The HOT, GOLDEN sand'
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Predicative adjective
Occurs after a copular verb e.g. The sand is HOT
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Attributive adjective
Occurs before the noun e.g. the HOT sand
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Comparative adjective
Suggestion that there is an opposite e.g. hotter, bigger, louder
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Superlative adjective
The ultimate e.g. hottest, biggest, Best
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Transitive verb
Incomplete without the direct object
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Intransitive verb
Cannot take a direct object
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Modal auxillary verb
Express ideas such as Possibility, Intention, Obligation e.g. will, would, shall, should, might, can, could, must, ought to
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Primary auxillary verb
To be, To have, To do
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Stative verb
State or condition that isn't changing such as Perception, and Relation e.g. hate, feel, believe, contain, own
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Pronoun
Personal and Possessive and replaces nouns with I, she, it, you, they
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Adverb
Answers the question how? Time, Space, Manner, Degree
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Conjugation of verbs
To do, To have, To be.. Present and past e.g. Simple: relation of time, Continuous: Nature of an action, Perfect: Describing actions that have been completed, Perfect continuous: Begins in the past and continues to the present
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Topic/subject

Back

Field

Card 3

Front

Purpose

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The relationship between the audience and the writer (The level of formality)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A command e.g. Get that phone

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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