English Key Words 2

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Political power
power held with backing of the law.
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Personal power
power held by people as a result of their role in an organisation.
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Social group power
power held by people as a result of being part of a dominant social group.
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Instrumental power
power used to enforce authority
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Influential power
power used to influence or persuade others.
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Ideology
a set of beliefs
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Epistemic modality
constructions that express degrees of possibility, provability or certainty. E.G. May/Can
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Deontic modality
constructions that express degrees of necessity and obligation. E.G. Must
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Members resources
background knowledge
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Power asymmetry
a marked difference in power status
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Powerful participant
a speaker with a higher in a given context, who therefor is able to impose a degree of power
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Less powerful participants
those with less stays in a given context, who have constraints
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Constraints
ways in which powerful participants may block or control the contributions of less powerful participants
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Formulation
the rewording of others contribution by a powerful participant to impose a certain meaning or understanding
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Face
A persons self-esteem or emotional needs
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Positive face
the need to feel wanted liked and appreciated
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Negative face
the need to have freedom of thought and action and not feel imposed on
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Face-threatening act
communicative act that threatens someones positive-or negative-face needs
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Positive and negative politeness strategies
redressive strategies that a speaker might use to mitigate or avoid face threatening acts. E.G. its for charity
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Card 2

Front

power held by people as a result of their role in an organisation.

Back

Personal power

Card 3

Front

power held by people as a result of being part of a dominant social group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

power used to enforce authority

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

power used to influence or persuade others.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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