English - Poem Forms

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Open form
poetic form free from regularity or consistency in ryhme, line length and metrical form
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Closed form
poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern
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Couplet
a pair of lines, usually rhymed
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Quatrain
four-line stanza or grouping of four lines of verse
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Sonnet
fourtee-line poem in iambic pentameter with a prescribed rhyme scheme; its subject is traditionally that of love
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Shakespearean sonnet
a sonnet probably made popular by Shakespeare with the following rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
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Petrarchan sonnet
a form of sonnet made popular by Petrarch with the following rhyme scheme: abbaabba cdecde OR cdcdcd. Its first octave generally presents a thought, picture, or emotion, while its final sestet presents an explanation, comment or summary
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Card 2

Front

poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern

Back

Closed form

Card 3

Front

a pair of lines, usually rhymed

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

four-line stanza or grouping of four lines of verse

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

fourtee-line poem in iambic pentameter with a prescribed rhyme scheme; its subject is traditionally that of love

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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