English words

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  • Created by: Tasc24
  • Created on: 11-10-15 11:45
Upwards convergence
When you adjust your speech style to become more formal and with RP.
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Downwards convergence
When you include more slang and local dialect in your speech.
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Divergence
When two people try to adjust their speech style to create a difference.
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Empty adjectives
Adjectives with no concrete meaning e.g. lovely, nice, rubbish.
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Full adjectives
Adjectives with concrete meaning e.g. green, stripy.
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Graphology
The way something is presented.
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Lexis
Vocabulary and the words you use.
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Phonology
The way something sounds.
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Semantics
The meaning.
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Pragmatics
Importance of context.
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Grammar
Structure and syntax (word order).
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Discourse
Content/narrative.
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Context
The environment of production.
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Register
Style/tone of the text (informal, formal).
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Genre
The category of the text.
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Techniques
Different types of language used in the text.
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Audience
The readers/consumers/who is it aimed at?
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Mode
The format of the text (blog, twitter etc.)
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Purpose
The reason for the text (inform, entertain etc.)
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Acronym
When you say the initials.
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Initialism
Using the first letter of each word.
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Modal verbs
Degrees of possibilities e.g. I can/will/shall/might do my homework.
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Sociolinguistics
The relationship between social groups and language.
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Modifiers
These add detail to the head noun e.g. the long sandy (pre-modification) beach (head noun) across the bay (post modification).
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Patriarchal Society
Societies where the male is the dominant gender in political and social systems.
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Patronym
Names that reflect the male lines of inheritance.
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Noun
Names of objects, feelings, attitudes, people, or places e.g. cottage.
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Verb
Shows actions, events, or states of being, feeling, or thinking e.g. seems.
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Adjective
Adds details to nouns e.g. bleak.
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Adverb
Adds details to verbs or other adverbs e.g. extraordinary.
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Determiner
Positioned in front of nouns to add detail or to clarify e.g. the, a, an.
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Conjunction
Links words, phrases, and clauses together e.g. and, but, or, although, because.
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Preposition
Shows relation in terms of time and space e.g. in, on, by, at.
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Pronoun
Links words, phrases. and clauses together e.g. I, me, you, his, our, she.
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Concrete nouns
Refers to objects with physical existence e.g. computer.
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Countable concrete nouns
Can be counted e.g. 57 chairs.
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Non-countable concrete nouns
Cannot be counted e.g. 57 furniture.
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Abstract nouns
Refers to states, feelings, or concepts and have no physical existence e.g. happiness, love.
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Proper nouns
Refers to names of people or places e.g. London, Nigel.
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Personal pronoun
For example, I, you, she, they.
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Possessive pronoun
For example, my, his, our, their.
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Reflexive pronoun
For example, myself, himself, themselves.
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Demonstrative pronoun
For example, this, these, that, those.
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Relative pronoun
For example, who, whom, which.
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Overt prestige
The correct form.
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Covert prestige
Slang.
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Etymology
The study of word origins.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When you include more slang and local dialect in your speech.

Back

Downwards convergence

Card 3

Front

When two people try to adjust their speech style to create a difference.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Adjectives with no concrete meaning e.g. lovely, nice, rubbish.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Adjectives with concrete meaning e.g. green, stripy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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