Love Through the Ages- Poetry

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Give the name of the two Renaissance poems and the writers?
The Passionate Shepherd To His Love by Christopher Marlowe. "To his Coy Mistress" by Marvell
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Give one quote from 'The Passionate Shepherd to his love" showing natural imagery?
"That Valleys, groves, hills, and fields"
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Analysis of "That Valleys, groves, hills, and fields"?
The vast natural imagery provides a sense of their love being parallel with the beauties of nature. Or, it could suggest their love has no bounds and is on all levels and forms. -Enjambment-It exaggerates the forward momentum of the poem,
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Iambic Tetrameter- It creates a metrical musicality that mirrors the springness of the countryside in which the speaker wants his lover to live- A Pastoral poem,
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Rhyming Couplets- The poem is written in regular four-line stanzas. Most of the rhyming words are one syllable, and most are line stopped, emphasising the speaker's views of their love as simplistic and easy,
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Give one quote from To His Coy Mistress?
"Time's winged chariot hurrying near"
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Ananlysis of "Times's winged chariot hurrying near"?
Emphasises Marvell as a Metaphysical poet- The Chariot becomes a symbol for time which is moving and unstoppable. The imagery of the wings emphasises by time by linking to angels, a symbol of heaven so death. It personifies also personifies time,
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Iambic tetrameter- This creates a regular meter that highlights the speaker's message time is consistently moving-The meter idealises the physical and intimate love the speaker is suggesting and his lover for her isn't temporary but enduring.
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Rhyming Couplets- This creates a faster pace and so hones the speaker's message and emphaises the urgency of a physical relationship during their youthful days. It also creates a joyous tone to show how the speaker is persuading her,
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Describe the structure of this poem?
First Stanza-Describes the idealized world in which his lover's "coyness" wouldn't be a "crime" sounds slow. Second Stanza- Starts with "But" and he suggests he's afraid and iimagines them dead. Third Stanza- Big relief, suggestive of power and light
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Give the names of the three Restoration period poems and the writers?
-To The Virgins, To Make Much Of Time by Robert Herrick, -The Disappointment by Aphra Behn -Ah, How sweet it is to love! by Dryden
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Give one quote from 'To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time' about the sun?
"The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,"
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Analysis of "The Glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,"?
"Lamp" is a metaphor for the sun- The warmth emphasises youth so juxtaposes the reference to "heaven" to draw closer links with death to emphasise the speaker's view that time is moving too fast to wait.
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Iambic tetrameter (1,3,5) and Iambic trimeter with catalexis-The movement between meters emphasises the speaker's message that time passes quickly.
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Alternative Rhyming couplets- This also emphasises the speaker's message that time passes quickly with the regular beat. The rhyming couplets are often short and one syllable to further emphasise the shortness of youth.
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Give a quote from The Disappointment by Aphra Behn questioning Cloris' enjoyment of the act?
"Permits his force, yet gently strove"-
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Analysis of "Permits his force, yet gently strove"?
The caesura emphasises the juxtaposing language of "force" and "gently" and emphasises Cloris' confusion and uncertainty. It also highlights the semantic field of war and conquering throughout, linking to Lisander being the name of a Greek Admiral,
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Describe the meter of the poem?
The poem is in iambic tetrameter and then the last line of each stanza is iambic pentameter. This creates a disruption to the smoothness of poem so is an extended metaphor of the contents of the poem where Cloris' disappointed Lisander can't perform,
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
The rhyming scheme varies through the poem- The lack of continuity and the half rhymes adds to the Behn's mockery of male performance- In stanza 12, there is a half-rhyming couplet which emphasises Cloris' shock and suprise at Lisander-Adds mockery,
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Give a quote from 'Ah, How Sweet it is to Love! by Dryden
"pleasing pains we prove/ When we first approach Love's fire!"
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Analysis of "pleasing pains we prove/ When we first approach Love's fire!"?
-Oxymoron-Emphasises the sexual aspect of love. Alternatively it could show the extremes love can take you through. "fire" emphasises the passion and sexual aspect of love- Fire can also be dangerous. Exclamatory language emphasises her content+joy,
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What technique is frequently used in this poem and to what effect?
Caesura- "Lovers, when they lose their breath."- Dryden tried to create natural talking in the poem which is done with caesura- The caesure frequently occurs in the poem, emphasises the action discussed or to show her breathlessness of joy of love,
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Describe the meter and rhyming scheme of the poem?
Iambic trimeter with a catalexis and Alternative and rhyming couplets- The continuity of this emphasises her stability, fulfillment and enjoyment in her love.
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Give four poems from the Romantic period and the writers?
Love's Philosophy by Percy Shelley, -The Clod and the Pebble by William Blake -She Walks in Beauty by Lord Bryon, -Ae Fond Kiss by Robert Burns
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Give on quote from Love's Philosophy about nature?
"The fountains mingle with the river,/ And the rivers with the ocean."
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Analysis of "The fountains mingle with the river,/ And the rivers with the ocean."
Personification- This is repeated throughout the poem which Shelley does to emphasises nature is in union. He is stressing love can't be one sided or it would be worthless. The word "mingle" for nature shows a man and a woman together is natural.
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Describe the meter of the poem?
The form of the poem is in free verse with no meter, emphasising his idea of love is natural like the form with little structure and no boundaries.
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Alternative rhyming couplets-The poet is showing everything has a couple and nothing is single, reinforcing his ideal of a passionate and intimate relationship. This creates a faster, lyrical tone and pace, emphasising the euphoria of love.
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Give a quote from She Walks in Beauty by Lord Byron?
"She walks in beauty, like the night,. Of cloudless climes and starry skies."
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Analysis of "She walks in beauty, like the night,/ Of cloudless climes and starry skies"?
Simile- The contrasting opposites,. - Enjambment, to create a flowing and natural pace when you are reading it, showing the women's natural beauty. The sibilance and alliteration shows her beauty as effortless. It slows the pace, imagery=sensuous,
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Iambic tetrameter- A meter commonly found in hymns and associated with 'simplicity'. The meter is not noticeable in the poem so emphaises the woman's effortless grace and beauty. It also conveys the reader's purity of intent,
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Triplet Alternative rhyming scheme- THe rhyming scheme is simple like nature which Byron uses to emphasise her beauty as effortless.
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Give two quotes from William Blake's The Clod and The Pebble?
"Sang a little Clod of Clay/ Trodden" and "Pebble of the brook/ Warbled"
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Analysis of "sang a little Clod of Clay/ Trodden"?
The "Trodden" shows an innocent view of love as it is malleable so accommodates in the relationship. It is described as "sang a little" suggesting it is joyous and happy in love. It is simplisitic/passive. However, is easily shaped to other's wills.
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Analysis of "Pebble of the brook/ Warbled"?
Metaphor- Shows the Pebble is old and aged, suggesting it has a more experienced view of love. It is hard and unforgiving so has a negative view of love. it is hrdened by its time in the brrok and offers resistence to many so has a lack of trust.
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Alternative rhyming scheme- Stanzas 1 and 3-Lines 1 and 3have pleasant feminine rhymes whereas lines 2 and 4 juxtapose one another, showing the two opposing sides of love. Also line 1 and 3 in stanza 2 don't rhyme when the Clod and Pebble meet,
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Describe the meter?
The meter of the poem is irregular. Most of the poem is in iambic tetrameter apart from lines 2 and 3 in the second stanza, when they meet. This disruption in the meter is a jolt from the pattern, showing harmony is disrupted and shows difficult love
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Give a quote from Ae Fond kiss by Robert Burns?
"Me, nae cheerful twinkle lights me;/ Dark despair around benights me."
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Analysis of "me, nae cheerful twinkle lights me;/ Dark despair around benights me."?
There is a juxtaposition of cheerful hope and fulfilment in a relationship with darker imagery. The "cheerful twinkle lights" are fleeting and is ironic as compared to the "dark despair" she caused later.
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Describe the meter of the poem?
The meter of the poem is iambic tetrameter throughout, highlighting that despite his lover leaving him, he responds generously and reflects the depth of his pain reflects his love which comforts him,
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Give three poems from the Victorian period and the writer's name?
-Dover Beach byy Matthew Arnold, -THe Newcomer's Wife by Thomas Hardy -Sonnets from the Portuguese 43 by Elizabeth Browning
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Give a quote from Dover Beach about the reality of love?
"here as on a darkling plain...Where ignorant armies clash by night"
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Analysis of "here as on a darkling plain...Where ignorant armies clash by night"?
Simile- The speaker is comparing human existence to a dark battlefield, where friends and enemies clash together in total confusion. This emphasises the speaker's love can last through the negatives,
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Irregular- Arnold breaks down the iambic traditions passed down from Shakespeare helps him to make the reader feel how the world itself has changed and broken.
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Describe the rhyme of the poem?
Irregular Rhyme- Although there is lots of rhyme, it is irregualar and there is a near rhyme of "faith" and "breath"- there is no place for faith and no natural partner,
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Give a quote from The Newcomer's Wife by Thomas Hardy?
"Crabs upon his face"-
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Analysis of "Crabs upon his face."
Like the crabs have dominated his face, it is a metaphor of the gossip decaying his love for his wife who isn't innocent like he ad once believed- feeels betrayed. It is singular image of his death, showing he feels dis-included.
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Describe the meter?
The meter in the poem is irregular, varying from iambic tetrameter and pentameter. This continuation of irregularity emphasises their relationship when in this small, close community is criticsed and warped by their views and gossip.
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Describe the rhyming scheme?
Rhyming Couplets- At the beginning, there are full rhymes, showing the love itheir relationship whereass they begin to become near-rhymes, showing the breakdown of their relationship due to society's gossip,
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Describe the structure of the poem?
There are 5 quatrians, a style use for telling stories. It emphasises the strucutre of the book from beginnin, middle and end. The middle 3 stanzas are in quotation marks to show what people are saying. These dominate the poem,
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Give a quote from Elizabeth Browning's Portugese Sonnet 43?
"I love thee to the depth and breadth and height/ My soul can reach"
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Analysis of "I love thee to the depth and breadth and height/ My sould can reach."?
-Uses a spatial metaphor to describe the extent of her love which has no bounds. The 'th' sound creates breathy syllables softening the line and making her statement more intimate and sensous,
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Describe the form of the poem?
-A sonnet- THe poem is highly structured and the literary tradition for sonnets, making the poem feel very conventional, maybe even a little inhibited.
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Iambic pentameter- A traditional love poem uses this meter. It is a natural rhythm of speech. It highlights the stability and joy in the speaker's love- It has an easy and unforced flow, a metaphor of the love descirbed in the poem,
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
There are several different traditional rhyme schemes for sonnets- ABBA ABBA CDC DCD-It creates a romantic, exotice sense of 'foreignness' for an English poet, emphasising her love isn't boring,
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Give four poems from the modern period and the writers?
-Come, Live with me and be My Love by Cecil Day Lewis, -One Perfect Rose by Dorothy Parker -'He wishes for the Cloths of Heaven by W.B.Yeats, -'The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock" by T.S.Eliot
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Give a quote from Come, Live with me and be my love?
"The pleasures prove/ Of peace and plenty, bed and board,"
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Analysis of "The pleasures prove/ Of peace and plenty, bed and baord"?
The plosive alliteration emphasises the hardships their love would have to go through. The large usee of commas and pauses slows the pace of the sentence, emphasisig the hardships. However, the pauses continue, like their love,
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Describe the meter?
Iambic tetrameter- The consistent beat shows the speaker desires an enduring love that will continue through the hard times so presents an honest love,
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Describe the rhyming couplets?
Like the meter, each sentence has a pair and this continues through the poem. This shows that the speaker knows their love with continue despite the hardtimes,
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Give a quote from One Perfect Rose by Dorothy Parker?
"Ah no, it's always my luck to get/ One Perfect Rose"
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Analysis of "Ah no, it's always my luck to get/ One perfect rose".
Symbol- The rose is used as a mockery. She uses refrain to emphasises her annoyance and boredom at the monotonous presents.
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Describe the meter?
-Iambic pentameter (first 3 lines) , Iambic dimeter (4th lines), -Emphasises tone of dissatisfaction and irritation. The first 3 lines are upbeat to provide a satire tone, but the dimeter upsets the pattern and the flow, showing her annoyance,
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Describe the rhyming scheme?
Alternative Rhyming Scheme- Monotonous and the symmetry of a traditional love poem- Emphasises the monotonous gift of a rose and the cliches.
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Give a quote from He Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven by W.B.Yeats?
"But I, being poor, have only my dreams;/ I have spread my dreams under your feet."
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Analysis of "But I, being poor, have only my dreams;/ I have spread my dreems under your feet"?
The caesura in the first line slows the pace, bringing reality to the poem and makes his love more genuine and special. "spread" suggests he is vulnerable so trusts her. Direct pronouns-"your" so a personal poem,
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Describe the rhyming scheme?
ABAB CDCD-Alternative rhyming couplets use the same word-This could be to suggest that love should be easy and consistent throughout time despite social factors. Each word has an identical pair so suggesting their love is unified and perfect?
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Describe the form/ rhythm of the poem?
Resembles an Irish Jig so reflects his nationality. This increases the pace of the poem and emphasises his desperation to tell his lover his feelings which is futher emphasised with the free form structure- Love should have no bounds,
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Give a quote from The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock?
"When the evening is spread out against the sky/ Like a patient etherized upon an table;"
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Analysis of "When the evening is spread out against the sky/ Like a patient etherized upon a table."?
Enjambment ues in the first line emphasises the freedom nature brings. This juxtaposes the next line which uses concrete imagery, creating an atmosphere of confinement and lack fo freedom, emphasising Eliot's feelings of modernity-Shows vulnerability
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What evidence is there of a semantic field of time and evidence?
Time is repeated repeatedly in the fourth paragraph- It shows his worry and panic to near hysteria about his lack of achievement and fulfillment and tries to convince himself he has more time,
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What is the form of the poem?
Dramatic monologue-It revelas more and more about the person speaking. At the beginning, Prufrock just wants to take a walk. As the poem goes on, we learn about his person and the impression we get of him is the opposite of the one he wants to give.
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Describe the meter of the poem?
Eliot experiments with the meter- Eliot could be mocking Prufrock by using iambic pentameter form. Although other lines don't have a regular meter. This could show Eliot's uncertainty of Modernity,
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Describe the rhyming scheme of the poem?
Irregular rhyming scheme-He mocks Prufrock by using heroic couplets but he is anythign but heroic. The rhymes also have a singsong like quality that makes them seem childish to emphasises his indecision,
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Give the name of the post-modern poem and the writer?
-Valentine by Carol Ann Duffy,
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Give a quote from Valentine?
"I give you an onion"
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Analysis of "I give you an onion"?
Extended Metaphor- Duffy rejects traditional symbols of loveand criticises conventional ideas of love. She instead promises original,honest and true love. Rings- symbol of marriage, Smell- Stay with you like her love,
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Describe the rhyming scheme?
There is no rhymign scheme, emphasising the form of the poem as free verse. It breaks from traditions of traditional lvoe poems to emphasise the originality of her onion and how unusual it is.
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Describe the form of the poem?
The poem is in free verse. Each stanza is short, and severla only one line long. The form could echo the layers of an onion so suggests her love also has layers and levels.
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Give one quote from 'The Passionate Shepherd to his love" showing natural imagery?

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"That Valleys, groves, hills, and fields"

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Analysis of "That Valleys, groves, hills, and fields"?

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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Describe the meter of the poem?

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Card 5

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