English Lit Terminology

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Aesthetics
a set of principles concerned with the nature and appreciation of beauty. Deals with the questions and artistic tastes.
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Common Noun
a naming word for a thing, e.g. man, woman, horse
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Abstract Noun
a naming word for an idea, concept, stat of being or belief, e.g. sadness, love, politics
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Proper Noun
a naming word for places or people, e.g. Molly, London, New York
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Verb
an action or process: a ‘doing’ word, e.g. running, eating, playing
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Active Verb
represents a physical action, e.g. jump, run, kill, kiss
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Auxiliary Verb
a verb that had to be used with verb in order to create present participles or the future tense, e.g. I am going, you will go
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Adjective
a describing word that modifies a noun
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Adverb
a describing word that modifies all types of words, excluding nouns
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Superlative
an adjective that shows the most extreme value of its quality, e.g. most, biggest, smallest, worst
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Comparative
an adjective which relates one thing in some way to another, usually ends with ‘er’, e.g. bigger, smaller, taller
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Monosyllabic Lexis
words with one syllable
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Imperative Sentence
sentence is issuing a command
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Declarative Sentence
making a statement
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Interrogative Sentence
sentence is asking a question
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Exclamatory Sentence
sentence which conveys a strong sense of emotion, sense of alarm or emphasis
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Syntax
the way words form a sentence (the ordering to create a meaning)
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Rhetorical Question
a question that is designed not to be answered, a stylistic choice
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Hypophora
a rhetorical question which is followed by an answer
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Hyperbole
Over-exaggeration for effect.
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Parallelism
creation of patterns in a text, repetition of words or phrases
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Repetition
the repetition of words or phrases
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Tripling
the repetition of three words or phrases
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Pathetic Fallacy
when the weather matches the mood
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Personification
a non-human objective is given human features, e.g. tree dances in the wind
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Extended Metaphor
when a metaphor continues throughout a text with recurring references to the compared items
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Juxtaposition
two things with contrasting effect, being place closely together
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Oxymoron
apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction, e.g. Bitter Sweet
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Ambiguity
being open to more than one interpretation
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Foreshadowing
be a warning or indication of a future event
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Dramatic Irony
originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character’s words or actions is clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character
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Pathos
evokes pity or sadness
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Hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
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Semantic Field
verbs of perception
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Poetic Justice
a fitting or deserved retribution for ones actions
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Malcontent
a person who is dissatisfied and rebellious
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Machiavellian
cunning, scheming and unscrupulous – especially in politics
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Denouement
strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a naming word for a thing, e.g. man, woman, horse

Back

Common Noun

Card 3

Front

a naming word for an idea, concept, stat of being or belief, e.g. sadness, love, politics

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a naming word for places or people, e.g. Molly, London, New York

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

an action or process: a ‘doing’ word, e.g. running, eating, playing

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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