English language tings key terms

What is an interrogative?
An interrogative is a term used in grammar to refer to features that form questions. an interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question.
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What are the five interrogative pronouns?
What, which, whom, whose and who
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What are the interrogative adverbs?
How, why, where, when
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What is a common noun?
A noun that refers to people or things in general, e.g. boy, country, bridge, city, birth
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What is a proper noun?
A name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing, e.g. Steven, Africa, London,
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What is a collective noun?
Refers to groups of people or things, e.g. audience, family, government, team. Should be treated as a plural.
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What are count and mass nouns?
Countable nouns (or count nouns) refer to something that can be counted. Uncountable nouns (or mass nouns) do not typically refer to things that can be counted and so they do not regularly have a plural form
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What is a demonstrative pronoun?
Used to demonstrate (or indicate). E.g This, that, these and those
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What is a indefinite pronoun?
Indefinite pronouns are used for non-specific things. (E.g. All, some, any, several, anyone, nobody, each, both, few, either)
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What are the personal pronouns?
The personal pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, and who. Mostly, but not exclusively, they replace nouns representing people
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What are the possessive pronouns?
The possessive pronouns are My, your, his, her, its, our and their. Shows possession.
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what are relative pronouns?
Used to add more information to a sentence. (E.g. Which, that, who (including whom and whose) and where)
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What are absolute possessive pronouns?
Possessive pronouns that sit by themselves. (E.g. The tickets are as good as OURS)
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What are reciprocal pronouns?
Used for actions or feelings that are reciprocated. (E.g. each other, one another)
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What are reflexive pronouns?
A reflexive pronoun ends ...self or ...selves and refers to another noun or pronoun in the sentence. (myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves)
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What are Intensive (or Emphatic) Pronouns?
refers back to another noun or pronoun in the sentence to emphasise it. (E.g. John bakes all the bread HIMSELF, the door closed ITSELF)
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What is a possessive adjective?
used to show possession. They are my, your, his, her, its, our and their. (They are a type of possessive pronoun
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What are the articles?
The words A, AN, and THE are articles. They are classified as adjectives. A and AN are indefinite articles because they are used to indicate non-specific people or things. THE is called the definite article because it does indicat
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What are demonstrative adjectives?
used to demonstrate or indicate specific things.(E.g. This, that, these and those.)
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What are indefinite adjectives?
Formed from indefinite pronouns, they are vague and don't point out specific things. (E.g.no, any, many, few and several.
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What type of words are numbers?
Adjectives. E.g.Four dolphins stayed with the boat until dawn. (The adjective four modifies the noun dolphins.)
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What are conjunctions?
Conjunctions are used to join words or groups of words together
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What is a coordinating conjunction?
Used to join individual words, phrases, and independent clauses. (E.g. and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)
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What is a subordinating conjunction?
They are used to show the relationship between an independent clause and a dependent clause.(E.g. after, although, as, because, before, if, once, since)
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What is a correlative conjunction?
Correlative conjunctions appear in pairs. (E.g. This man is EITHER dead OR my watch has stopped
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How can we categorise verbs?
As a physical verb (e.g., to run), a mental verb (e.g., to think), or a state-of-being verb (e.g., to be)
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What is an action verb?
Expresses an activity that a person or thing can do (E.g. eats, chases, flies, kills)
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What is a stative verb?
Typically relates to a state of being, a thought, or an emotion. (E.g. I AM, she BELIEVES, he FEELS)
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What is a transitive verb?
A verb that acts on something and has a direct object. (E.g. I SAW the dog. Lee ATE the pie)
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What is an intransitive verb?
A verb that does not act on something so there is no direct object. (E.g. The rain FELL, I then SCREAMED)
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What is an auxiliary verb?
Accompanies a main verb to help express tense, voice, or mood. The most common auxiliary verbs are BE, DO, and HAVE (in their various forms) (E.g The Table HAS BEEN prepared - expresses passive voice)
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What is a modal verb?
A type of auxiliary verb used to express ideas such as ability, possibility, permission, and obligation. The modal auxiliary verbs are CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, OUGHT TO, SHALL, SHOULD, WILL, and WOULD.
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What is a phrasal verb?
A verb made up of more than one word (usually two words). Constructed of a main verb and another word. (E.g. im going to BREAK IN, you should DROP BACK for cover)
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Give examples of regular and irregular verbs
Regular - love (present), loved (Past). Irregular - Tell (present), Told (past)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What are the five interrogative pronouns?


What, which, whom, whose and who

Card 3


What are the interrogative adverbs?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is a common noun?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is a proper noun?


Preview of the front of card 5
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