English Language Terminiologies

  • Created by: JDIXON365
  • Created on: 08-10-18 13:06
Text/Image Cohesion
The text and image compliment eachother in order to create meaning.
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Typography
The style of font/visual aspects of the text (Italic/Bold/Underlined)
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Types of Images
Whether or no the images are; handrawn, snapshots, photographs, illustartions, computer genreated, black/white.
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Multi-Modal
Where there are different methods of communicationn - e.g. Sound, text, pictures
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Discourse Markers
"Time Connectives" - Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly//Compare and contrast connectives.
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Narrative Structures
The layout of the text and the sequencing.
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Anaphoric Reference
When you refer back to something/somebody that has already been referenced or introduced.
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Cataphoric Reference
When you refer to something/Someone that has not yet been referenced or introduced.
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Intertextuality
The extent to which the aspects of one text overlap in another - Creating links across texts.
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Coherence
What is achieved through the use of Discourse Markers. Makes sense, Easy to follow.
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Cohesion
More collective term of how Discourse Markers achieve coherence.
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Features of Discourse
Bold Texts, Headings/Subheadings, Bullet Points/Lists, Columns Divided into sections, Paragraphs.
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Denotive Meanings
The literal phrasing of a sentence/text.
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Connotative Meanings
Things that are suggested/implied when looking at a piece of text.
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Semantic Fields
When words are used throughout a text which all relate back to the same theme.
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Synonyms
Words with the same meaning.
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Antonyms
Words with contrasting meanings.
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Hypernyms
The name of a category.
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Hyponyms
Words that fit into a category.
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Levels of Formality
Formal/Informal, Slang/Colloquialisms, Register of the text.
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Occupational Register
Words associated with occupations or activities.
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Sociolect
How you speak in a social group.
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Idiolect
Language specific to an individual person.
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Dialect
The way in which someone speaks based on their environment.
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Neologism
New words that come from the english language. A verb created from a noun - mostly due to technological advancements, "I'll Google It".
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Noun
A 'naming' word - Place , Person, Object, Action.
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Concrete Noun
Objects, What you hear, What things smell like - Commonly Used.
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Abstract Noun
Something that can be identified but is not physical - emotions; love, hate, fear, friendship.
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Proper nouns
Capitalised nouns - Countries, Buildings.
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Verb
A 'doing' word.
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Auxiliary Verb
Verb that normally helps a noun, will always come before the main verb - Often missed out.
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Modal Verb
Giving certainty to something - "Must", "You Can", "You Will".
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Adjective q
A 'describing' word - Describes a noun.
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Pre-Modifier
Adjective comes before the noun.
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Post-Modfier
Noun comes before adjective.
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Superlative
Normally ending in 'est' - exaggeration, most or least that something can be.
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Comparative
Normallu ending in 'er' - "Faster", "Brighter".
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Adverb
Describes a verb - He was "Hastily" Walking.
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Subject Pronoun
When a person is the subject of a sentence.
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Object Pronoun
The Object is the subject of the sentence .
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Possessive Pronoun
Something Belonging to Someone - "My", "Mine", "His", "Her".
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Definite Article
The Word "The".
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Indefinite Article
The word "a" or "an".
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Demonstrative
Function Words, helping to be clear about what is being said. Words like; this, that or those.
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Syntax
The structure of a sentence.
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Clause
A Group of words. Main Clause - Makes sense on its own. Subordinate clause - Adds extra information.
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Coordination
When 2 main clauses are joined by a conjunction.
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Subordination
When clauses are joined together but one clause doesn't make sense.
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Simple Sentence
A single clause - Genreally only one verb.
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Compound Sentence
Two main clauses joined by a conjunction.
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Complex Sentence
Main Clause and one or more subordinate clause.
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Minor Sentence
A sentence without a verb.
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Declarative
Making a Statement.
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Interrogative
A question.
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Imperative
An Order/Command.
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Mitigated Imperative
Order/Command with a pleasant marker.
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Exclamative
Exclamation point - Shouting.
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Conditional
Outcome depends on something.
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Morphology
The structure of the words.
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Inference
The implied meanings.
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Temporal Deixis
Time focused - "now", "then", "yesterday".
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Spacial Deixis
Words like - "that", "there", "here".
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Shared Knowledge
How Shared Knowledge is relied upon - Specialist Vocabulary
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The style of font/visual aspects of the text (Italic/Bold/Underlined)

Back

Typography

Card 3

Front

Whether or no the images are; handrawn, snapshots, photographs, illustartions, computer genreated, black/white.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where there are different methods of communicationn - e.g. Sound, text, pictures

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

"Time Connectives" - Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly//Compare and contrast connectives.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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