English Language - Social Class and Ethnicity Theory

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Multi-Ethnic Youth Dialect - Sue Fox
A variety of MEYD called 'Multicultural London English'. Provides a common culture. Rapidly changing dialects.
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Malcolm Petyt
'H-dropping' in Yorkshire. Lower Classes = 'H-dropping' more common.
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Pidgins and Creoles
Pidgin = a language formed through contact e.g. trade. Creole = the pidgin is picked up a second generation and is the standard language. Nativisation.
3 of 9
Labov
3 New York department stores - 'r' in 'fourth floor'. Highest class = said 'r' more often. Lowest class = said 'r' less often. 'R' is prestigious.
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Bernstein
Deficit hypothesis. Speech codes. Position orientated families = 'closed' network, context bound. Person orientated families = 'open' network, context free. Restricted codes = lower class.
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London Jamaican - Mark Sebba
Language needs of immigrants. Caribbean communities - children use a mix of three dialects, RP, Cockney, Caribbean Creole.
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Lesley and James Milroy
Working class communities in Belfast. Looked at religious divisions; in areas of high unemployment, women used less prestigious forms to find solidarity with unemployed males.
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Peter Trudgill
Phonological and Grammatical variables in Norwich. Lower the class, the higher the use of regional forms. Code switching between casual and careful speech.
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Jenny Cheshire
Peer groups in Reading - Group A disapproved of minor criminal activity, Group B approved, use of grammatical variables differed greatly.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

'H-dropping' in Yorkshire. Lower Classes = 'H-dropping' more common.

Back

Malcolm Petyt

Card 3

Front

Pidgin = a language formed through contact e.g. trade. Creole = the pidgin is picked up a second generation and is the standard language. Nativisation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

3 New York department stores - 'r' in 'fourth floor'. Highest class = said 'r' more often. Lowest class = said 'r' less often. 'R' is prestigious.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Deficit hypothesis. Speech codes. Position orientated families = 'closed' network, context bound. Person orientated families = 'open' network, context free. Restricted codes = lower class.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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