English Language - Political Correctness

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Gate-Keeping
An individual controls what others see. E.g. magazine editors.
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Determinism and Reflectionsim
Language determines thought, Language reflects thought.
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Weak Determinism - Elizabeth Loftus
Car Crash Study - questions influenced how the people thought, therefore their language.
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Peter Gordon
Brazilian Tribe - only had 3 counting words - supports determinism.
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Stephen Pinker's Euphemism Treadmill
Offensive word is replaced, new word becomes offensive, cycle starts again.
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Stephen Pinker's 'Language instinct'.
Challenges determinism = we think differently to how we speak: 'mentalese'.
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Dominant and Muted Groups
Certain groups more dominant than others, see the world through the dominant group's eyes.
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Kate Swift and Casey Miller
Came up with unsuccessful new pronouns to replace 'male as norm'.
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Negative Semantic Space
Women 'added on'. E.g. 'policeman' is norm, 'policewomen' adds women on.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Language determines thought, Language reflects thought.

Back

Determinism and Reflectionsim

Card 3

Front

Car Crash Study - questions influenced how the people thought, therefore their language.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Brazilian Tribe - only had 3 counting words - supports determinism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Offensive word is replaced, new word becomes offensive, cycle starts again.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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