English Language Lexis AO1

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Jargon
Field specific lexis
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Slang
Non standard English
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Colloquialism
Informal everyday language, e.g. cuppa tea
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Dialect words
a particular form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group
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Sociolect
Language only used by a specific social group
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Taboo language
Words people feel uncomfortable using, e.g. swear words
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Archaism
Old fashioned language
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Acronym
A word formed from the initial letters of other words, e.g. NASA
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Initialism
Initials pronounced as words, e.g. BBC
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Borrowings
Words borrowed from another country, e.g. 'Karaoke' (Japanese)
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Compound
Combing two or more existing whole words together, e.g. 'football'
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Blend
Taking two or more small parts of words and meshing them together, e.g. 'brunch'
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Pun
Play on words
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Oxymoron
Contradiction, e.g. 'dark light'
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Collocation
Parts of words which appear together
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Hypernym
Main word with related words underneath
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Hyponym
Words around hypernym
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Affixation
Adding prefixes or suffixes to existing words
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Conversions
Where a word is modified from one word class to another
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Back Formation
A type of shortening where a word of one type (usually a noun) is changed into another (usually a verb)
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Coinage
Brand new word, not derived from any other
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Clipping
Process of reducing a word of more than one syllable to a shorter form, e.g 'ad' from advertisement
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Eponym
A proper noun which becomes a word in its own right, often due to a connection to an individual or place
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Slang

Back

Non standard English

Card 3

Front

Colloquialism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Dialect words

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sociolect

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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