English Language Key Words and Ideas Lecture 5

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Style
Casual, Formal, Reading Passage, Word List
1 of 14
Markers
All speakers react to them in a more or less uniform manner
2 of 14
Indicators
Show differentiation by age or social group without being subject to style shifting. Only a linguist is aware
3 of 14
Stereotypes
Forms that are socially marked.
4 of 14
Covert Prestige
Norm or target that is oriented to without the speaker even being aware they are doing it
5 of 14
Overt Prestige
speakers are aware of and can talk about in terms of standardness, aesthetic, & moral evaluations like being ‘nicer’ or ‘better’
6 of 14
Adjecency Pairs
Those involved have certain expectations and preferences
7 of 14
Corpus
A collection of naturally occurring language texts, chosen to characterise a state or a variety of language
8 of 14
Colligation
The grammatical company a word/phrase is associated with
9 of 14
Collocation
The lexicalcompany a word/phrase keeps
10 of 14
Semantic Association
The semantic seta word/phrase belongs to
11 of 14
Semantic Prosody
Words/phrases can have a positive/negative prosody if they frequently co-occur with other units that have a positive or negative meaning
12 of 14
Semantic Association
The semantic seta word/phrase belongs to
13 of 14
Semantic Prosody
Words/phrases can have a positive/negative prosody if they frequently co-occur with other units that have a positive or negative meaning
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

All speakers react to them in a more or less uniform manner

Back

Markers

Card 3

Front

Show differentiation by age or social group without being subject to style shifting. Only a linguist is aware

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Forms that are socially marked.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Norm or target that is oriented to without the speaker even being aware they are doing it

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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