English Language Key Terms

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when the pronoun refers back to the referent eg. Tom walks into the room.
Anaphoric referencing
1 of 75
an idea or feeling a word evokes in addition to it's literal or primary meaning
Connotation
2 of 75
A word or phrase that is informal
Colloquialism
3 of 75
the habitual juxtaposition of a particular word with another word, often side by side.
Collocation
4 of 75
Changing one's language in order to move towards another individuals
Convergence
5 of 75
a group of people who share an understanding
Community of practice
6 of 75
pronoun refers forwards to the referent eg. he walked into the room.
Cataphoric referencing
7 of 75
How a text is ordered - what comes first
Discourse structure
8 of 75
the assimilation, mixture and/or eradication of certain dialects, often due to language standardisation, geographical relocation or media influence
Dialect levelling
9 of 75
The assumption that women's language is lacking or decifient
Defecit model
10 of 75
Changing one's language to move away from another individuals
Divergence
11 of 75
The number of connections people have
Density
12 of 75
The dispersal of people (and their languages) to different parts of the world
Dispora
13 of 75
Idea that middle class speakers use context free, complex forms of language
Elaborated code
14 of 75
language thought to be characteristic of a particular ethnic group
Ethnolect
15 of 75
Language used within a family
Familylect
16 of 75
The appearence/layout of a text
Graphology
17 of 75
langauge thought to be disctinctive of men and women
Genderlect
18 of 75
an expression not meant literally
Idiom
19 of 75
language belonging to a particular trade or group
jargon
20 of 75
a fancy word for words
Lexis
21 of 75
words assosiated with a particular topic
Lexical field
22 of 75
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
Metaphor
23 of 75
number of ways two people might relate to eachother
Multiplexity
24 of 75
Opperating on a large scale
Macro level
25 of 75
Opperating on a small scale
Micro level
26 of 75
A text which tells a story
Narrative
27 of 75
How a word sounds
Phonology
28 of 75
'Reading between the lines' - any implications/assumptions
Pragmatics
29 of 75
Negetive reaction to a particular types of accents and dialcts (fake, rascist....)
Prescriptive attitudes
30 of 75
Making a value judgement
Prescriptivism
31 of 75
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
Simile
32 of 75
The meaning behind a text and or image
Semantics
33 of 75
Proscibed by society as being impropper or unacceptable
Taboo lexis
34 of 75
When the 'th' sound in words such as 'three' is pronouns as 'f' as in 'free'
Th fronting
35 of 75
Singular of lexis
Lexeme
36 of 75
Unit of meaning
Morpheme
37 of 75
Visual unit
Grapheme
38 of 75
Spoken unit
Phoneme
39 of 75
Name the sentence: The human brain never stops working until you stand up to speak in public
Complex
40 of 75
Name the sentence: I always wanted to be somebody, but I should have been more specific.
Compound
41 of 75
Name the sentence: Curiosity killed the cat
Simple
42 of 75
Name the sentence: Yes, indeed
Minor
43 of 75
comes from not indentifying with the institutionalised standard
covert prestige
44 of 75
pronouncing an /r/ after a vowel where there is an /r/ in the spelling eg. cart, farm, sir
Post vocalic /r/
45 of 75
relations between people and their membership of different groups
Social Network
46 of 75
Ways in which we habitually behave
Social Practices
47 of 75
Unspoken rules that operate in interjections between people who share common understading
Pragmatic rules
48 of 75
The idea that working class use context based basic forms of language
Restricted code
49 of 75
Quanity, Quality, Relevence, Manner
Grice's Maxims
50 of 75
Which is an anacronym
SCUBA
51 of 75
Which is an initialism
BRB
52 of 75
Speech style identified with a professional group/amature activity goup
Occupational dialect
53 of 75
Guess the theorist: gender overides status in the workplace
Woods
54 of 75
Guess the theorist: women are more likely to mitigate criticism than men
Tannen
55 of 75
Guess the theorist: Masculin characterists make a more successful manager
Holmes
56 of 75
Guess the theorist: in traditionally male dominated sphere's of work women tend to adopt masculin speech styles
Litosselin
57 of 75
Guess the theorist: lanaguage change happens due to expression, economy, or analogy
Deutscher
58 of 75
Name the theory: The idea that language change is not a logical and ordered proccess
Random fluctuation theory
59 of 75
Name the theory: A model of language change that likens it to throwing a stone into a pond, with the ripples caused representing language change as as spreding from a central point
Wave model
60 of 75
A liberated suffix or one that has been taken from its origional context and applied to new situations. Considered a creation of it's time.
Libfix
61 of 75
a person's need to not be imposed upon
negetive face
62 of 75
our need to be liked by others
positive face
63 of 75
What are these examples of: thanking, not interupting, complimenting, listening
positive politeness
64 of 75
What are these examples of: apologising, asking permission, showing defense
negetive politeness
65 of 75
When you have to disagree with someone or give them negetive feedback
face threatening act
66 of 75
The role of English as a bridging language in interactions where it is not everyone's first language
lingua franca
67 of 75
the idea that English is a world wide language
global english
68 of 75
a trade language, usually not the language of either speakers
Pidgin
69 of 75
Which word did we get from Hindi (Indian Dialect)
Avatar
70 of 75
Which word did we get from the Carribean
Hurricane
71 of 75
Which word did we get from aborigional Australian
Cooee
72 of 75
The idea that men's language is of retaining dominance and women's language is of subordination
Dominance model
73 of 75
Men and women have manly similar styles of speech. Adopted for different contexts. Gnder ideas are social and cultural.
Proformativity
74 of 75
Men and women's speech is like cross-cultural communication, it's different. Women are co-operative, men are competetive
Difference
75 of 75

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

an idea or feeling a word evokes in addition to it's literal or primary meaning

Back

Connotation

Card 3

Front

A word or phrase that is informal

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

the habitual juxtaposition of a particular word with another word, often side by side.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Changing one's language in order to move towards another individuals

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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