English Language and Lit key terms

What is a noun?
Person, place or thing.
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What is a proper noun?
Refers to names of people or places e.g. James, England.
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What is an abstract noun?
Refers to states, feelings and concepts that do not have physical existence e.g. love, anger.
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What is a concrete noun?
Refers to objects that have physical existence/ don't take a plural form E.g. furniture.
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What is a material verb?
Shows actions or events. E.g. hit, jump, wash, build.
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What is a relational verb?
Identifies properties or shows states of being. E.g. be, appear, seem, become.
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What is a mental verb?
Shows internal processes such as thinking. E.g. think, believe, wish.
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What is a verbal verb?
Shows external processes of communicating through speech e.g. say, shout, scream, whisper.
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What is an adjective?
a word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical.
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What is an adverb?
a word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other adverb, expressing manner, place, time, or degree (e.g. gently, here, now, very).
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What is a base adjective/adverb?
The basic form of an adjective/adverb, modifying another word. E.g. big, interesting, carefully.
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What is a comparative adjective/adverb?
A form used to compare two instances either adding 'er' or using 'more. E.g the parcel was bigger. He read more carefully.
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What is a superlative adjective/adverb?
A form used to compare more than two instances, identifying a best example.E.g. that was the biggest parcel, it was the most carefully he had ever read.
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What is a personal pronoun?
Refers to people and are differentiated in terms of person (1st,2nd,3rd) and gender. E.g.I, you, she, they.
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What is a demonstrative pronoun?
E.g. This, these, that, those.
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What is an indefinite pronoun?
Refers to a person, object or idea that is non-specific. E.g. someone, anybody, everything.
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What is a determiner (articles) ?
Shows that something is definite or indefinite e.g. the (definite) a/an(indefinite)
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What is a determiner (possessives)?
Show ownership e.g. my, your, her, our.
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What is a determiner (quantifiers)?
Shows either specific or non specific quantities of a noun. E.g. one, two/ some, any, a few.
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What is a co-ordinating conjunction?
Links words or larger structures such as phrases and clauses together where they are equal e.g. and, but, or, yet.
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What is a sub-ordinating conjunction?
Links clauses together to show one is dependent on the other. E.g. because, although, while, for.
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What is a hyperbole?
A figure of speech involving exaggeration.
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What is a metaphor?
A comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or as. An example is "My love is a red, red rose,"
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What is an onomatopoeia?
The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. Words such as buzz and crack are onomatopoetic.
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What is personification?
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities. An example: "The yellow leaves flaunted their color gaily in the breeze."
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What is rhythm?
The recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse.
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What is rising action?
A set of conflicts and crises that constitute the part of a play's or story's plot leading up to the climax.
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What is a simile?
A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. An example: "My love is like a red, red rose."
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What is tone?
The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work.
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What is a caesura ?
A strong pause within a line of verse.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Refers to names of people or places e.g. James, England.

Back

What is a proper noun?

Card 3

Front

Refers to states, feelings and concepts that do not have physical existence e.g. love, anger.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Refers to objects that have physical existence/ don't take a plural form E.g. furniture.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Shows actions or events. E.g. hit, jump, wash, build.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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