English Language A01

Abstract noun
Refers to ideas and concepts that only exist in the mind
1 of 83
Active voice
Clause construction where the subject is also the actor. They are doing something. (The boy kicked the ball)
2 of 83
A word that modifies a noun
3 of 83
A word that modifies a verb telling you how, where or when an action takes place. Can also modify an adjective with how much 'really excited'
4 of 83
Words, phrases, clauses that act as adverbs and they identify when, where and how when modifying a verb.
5 of 83
a determiner such as 'a' or 'the'
6 of 83
Auxiliary verb
Assists the main verb; primary auxiliary verbs 'do, have and be'
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A structural unit that contains at least one subject and one verb- it can include other features such as object, compliment and adverbial
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Two or more words that are often found together in a group or phrase to create a specific meaning (fish and chips, back to front)
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Comparative adjective
designates comparison between two things, generally by adding a suffix (this is the faster car)
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a clause element that tells you more about the subject or the object
11 of 83
Complex sentence
Has two or more clauses, one of which is a subordinate
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A word formed from two other words 'FACEBOOK' 'DUSTBIN'
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Compound sentence
Has two or more clauses, usually joined to a main clause by conjunctions (and, or, but) and needs a main clause to exist
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Compound- complex sentence
A sentence that has three or more clauses one of which will be a subordinate clause and one will be a coordinate clause
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Concrete noun
Refer to things we touch or can experience physically (snow)
16 of 83
A word that joins clauses together
17 of 83
associated meanings with certain words, depending on the person reading or hearing the words and regard context
18 of 83
Co-ordinate clause
A clause beginning with a coordinating conjunction and is essentially a main clause joined to another main clause
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Coordinating conjunctions
these signal the start of the coordinate clause
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Copular verb
A verb that takes a complement (seems' appears) a form of a verb be 'Is' 'was'
21 of 83
A statement- a type of sentence which gives information and where the subject typically comes in front of the verb (Two Fish are in the tank)
22 of 83
Definite article
23 of 83
The literal, generally accepted, dictionary definition of a word
24 of 83
A non standard variety of a language, including lexis and grammar in a particular region
25 of 83
Direct Object
the part of the clause that is directly acted upon by the subject
26 of 83
Describe the structure of any text (or segment of text) that is longer than a single sentence
27 of 83
Discourse Marker
Marks a change in direction in an extended piece of written or spoken text
28 of 83
Words used in a text which relate to the texts subject matter, field of medicine
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French/ latinate lexis
Words derived from French or Latin or both tare often seen as having a higher status and being more specialist
30 of 83
The building blocks of sentences and how they go together to mean something to the reader or listener
31 of 83
Grapheme- Phoneme relationship
The correspondence between the written shape of letter and its sound
32 of 83
Head noun
The main noun at the centre of a noun phrase
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A from of common non-literal expression
34 of 83
Your own individual way of speaking
35 of 83
A command- A type of sentence where the subject is usually left out and and the verb is in its bare form
36 of 83
Indefinite article
'a' or 'an'
37 of 83
an ending such as -ed, -s or -Ing added to chase a Temse or number, nouns to plural
38 of 83
Abbreviation using the first letter of a group of words and pronounced separetely
39 of 83
A question- type of sentence indicated by the swapping round of subject and verb.
40 of 83
Irregular verbs
Change their form then changing from present to past (swim swam)
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Placement of 2 contrasting ideas next to each other, or it could operate across modes within a multimodal text
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Left branching
Has subordinating clause before a main clause
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Lexical field
Identify the main subject matter of a text.
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Low frequency lexis
Words that appear more rarely, such as specialist terms from a field (medicine)
45 of 83
Main clause
A clause that can stand on its own grammatically
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Main verb
the verb that carries the main meaning or process of the sentence
47 of 83
Talking about grammar and language, the subject within the subject
48 of 83
Minor sentence
A sentence with missing elements, such as the subject or the verbs
49 of 83
Modal auxiliary verb
A sub category of auxiliary verb that expresses degree of possibility, probability, necessity or obligation
50 of 83
Any word that describes a noun (Can be an adjective, adverb or noun)
51 of 83
A newly formed or coined word
52 of 83
Neutral comment
Speaker makes a comment on something neutral
53 of 83
Nonce formation
A nonsense word thats created fro a special occasion (feeling hungryish)
54 of 83
Non finite subordinate clause
Clauses in which the verb is not 'fished' and the genesis therefore not shown, 'to buy some cheese', 'running down the road'
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Noun Phrase
A group of words with a noun at the centre of it
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Words that name people, places, things, ideas and concepts
57 of 83
This normally receives an action and is followed by a verb
58 of 83
The spelling, writing language, correct language
59 of 83
Passive voice
Clause construction where the subject is not the actor (the ball was kicked by the boy)
60 of 83
Perlocutionary act
What happens in response to something said/ intended
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The study of sound in language
62 of 83
Possessive determiner
Determiner which shows who the noun belongs to 'my book'
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the modification that comes after the head noun
64 of 83
Pragmatic failure
Where the meaning implied is not the meaning understood
65 of 83
What we really mean by what we say or write in a given context
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Primary verbs
be, have, do
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a word which stands in place of noun or noun phrase
68 of 83
Proper nouns
Words specific people or places (Paris)
69 of 83
A play on words, often with multiple meanings of words for effect
70 of 83
Regular verbs
Take a regular -ed inflection when changing from present to past tense (walk/ walked)
71 of 83
Semantic field and shift
A pattern of words with similar meanings found across a text, can have a change
72 of 83
A variety of language that is characteristic of the social background or status of the user
73 of 83
the process of forming a uniform language codified in dictionaries, educational and government texts that demand conformity by all variant language forms
74 of 83
this normally performs the action of the sentence or clause and van be a single word or phrase
75 of 83
Subordinate clause
Depends on the main clause to exist
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Subordinating conjunctions
These signal the start of a subordinate clause
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Superlative adjective
Expresses the highest level of the quality represented by the adjective, generally made by adding -est to its base form (fast to fastest)
78 of 83
A word has has a similar meaning to another word
79 of 83
The order of the elements in the clause of sentence (SVOCA)
80 of 83
The action or state in the sentence or clause
81 of 83
Vernacular and writing
Everyday regional language spoken by people can be informal, non standard writing
82 of 83
Pre modifer
Modification that comes before the head noun
83 of 83

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Clause construction where the subject is also the actor. They are doing something. (The boy kicked the ball)


Active voice

Card 3


A word that modifies a noun


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


A word that modifies a verb telling you how, where or when an action takes place. Can also modify an adjective with how much 'really excited'


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Words, phrases, clauses that act as adverbs and they identify when, where and how when modifying a verb.


Preview of the back of card 5
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