English Key terms

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: ameliak98
  • Created on: 03-05-16 19:39
Adjective
word that modifies a noun e.g. red chair
1 of 60
Adverb
word that modifies a verb e.g. he ran quickly
2 of 60
Affix
form attached to a word to make more complex eg. un-kind
3 of 60
Ambiguous
Expresses more than one meaning
4 of 60
Amelioration
change of meaning - eg. wicked (evil) > wicked (good)
5 of 60
Anaphora
referring back to something already said eg. When Mary was born SHE was tiny
6 of 60
Antonym
opposite meaning eg. good/bad, single/married
7 of 60
Appostitional Phrase
2 noun phrases next to one another, 2nd adding more detail eg. Mr Jones, the art teacher
8 of 60
Assonance
recurrent use of same/similar vowel sounds eg. enginEEr , stEEring, vEEr
9 of 60
Asyndetic List
list WITHOUT the use of 'and' (use all commas)
10 of 60
Auxiliary verb
verb used alongside a lexical verb to make distinctions eg. she is going...is = aux. going = verb
11 of 60
Attributive adjective
another word for premodification
12 of 60
Blend
2 words blended eg. brunch
13 of 60
Cliche
expression that is over used
14 of 60
clipping aka. reduction
new word formed by shortening an existing word eg. examination > exam, telephone > phone.
15 of 60
Collective Noun
noun that denotes a group eg. army, flock. Be careful not to get mixed up with plurals eg. 'masters'
16 of 60
Cohesion
links made between sentences and paragraphs
17 of 60
Collocation
two words often paired with one another eg. tea time, fish and chips
18 of 60
Common noun
noun that refers to a class of objects or components eg. chair
19 of 60
Comparative
adjective comparison eg. bigger, better
20 of 60
Compound Adjective
adjective made up of 2 words eg. bald-headed
21 of 60
Compound sentence
sentence with two independent clasues joined by connective
22 of 60
Concrete nouns
refer to physical entites eg. book, train, car, table
23 of 60
Conjuction
word thatconnects words or other constructions eg. cat AND dog. or subordinating conjuction =because
24 of 60
Connotation
personal, emotional or implied meaning
25 of 60
Contraction
the elisoon of syllables to create shortened version eg. can't
26 of 60
Demotic register
language sounds more colloquial, friendly and relaxed.
27 of 60
Demonstrative pronoun
eg. this/that
28 of 60
Denotation
The dictionary meaning
29 of 60
Determiner
item that goes with noun to express quantity eg. the,a, some, each
30 of 60
Dysphemism
language that emphasises unpleasantness eg. he DIED - instead of he's passed away
31 of 60
Elision
the omission of sounds eg. bacon 'n' eggs
32 of 60
Ellipsis
the omission of part of a sentence (not a ...)
33 of 60
Euphemism
vague or indirect expression to soften the meaning (opposite of Dysphemism) he passed away > rather than = he's died
34 of 60
Evalulative modifier
adjectives that express opinion eg. GOOD times
35 of 60
Figurative language
non- literal. Includes Similes, metaphors, personification
36 of 60
tense
1st person = I, we, us my 2nd = you, your 3rd = he, his, hers, theirs
37 of 60
Homophones
words with same pronunciation but diff. meanings eg. rowed, road, which, witch
38 of 60
Idiom
Common sayings, tend to be figurative eg. raining cats and dogs
39 of 60
Independent Clause
clause that can make sense by itself
40 of 60
Inflection
affix that shows tense eg. walkED
41 of 60
Interjection
class of words with emotive meaning eg. Yuk! Gosh! Oh dear!
42 of 60
Interpersonally
interaction between 2 people
43 of 60
Metonymy
semantic change, a part is used to refer to the whole thing eg. crown =king
44 of 60
Mitigated directive
polite imperative eg. please give me whatever money you can
45 of 60
Minor sentence aka fragment
no verb eg. No way
46 of 60
Neologism
new word eg. selfie
47 of 60
Noun
word with naming function
48 of 60
Parenthisis
cokmas, brackets, hyphens used to add additional info
49 of 60
Pleonasm
use more words than need
50 of 60
Pronoun
replaces a noun eg. he, she, they
51 of 60
Quantifier
expresses amount eg. all, some, each
52 of 60
Received pronunciation
Queen's English
53 of 60
Relative Pronoun
item which intoduces a dependent clause eg. the car WHICH was sold
54 of 60
Sociolect
linguistic varitey defined by certain people eg. occupational language, language of middle class
55 of 60
Stative verbs
verbs that express a state of affairs eg. know, seem
56 of 60
Subordination
eg. they left AFTER THE SHOW ENDED
57 of 60
Syndetic list
list WITH the use of 'and'
58 of 60
Synecdoche
figure of sppech in which the part is used for the whole eg. look at my new WHEELS (car)
59 of 60
Vocative
word/phrase used to address someone you know personally eg. Grandma
60 of 60

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

word that modifies a verb e.g. he ran quickly

Back

Adverb

Card 3

Front

form attached to a word to make more complex eg. un-kind

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Expresses more than one meaning

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

change of meaning - eg. wicked (evil) > wicked (good)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all All key terms resources »