England 1483-1485 (Richard III's Reign)

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9th April 1483
Edward IV suddenly dies aged 40, leaving his twelve year old son, Edward as the next expected King. Since 1471, the realm had been at peace and the Yorkist dynasty appeared secure.
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30th April 1483
Gloucester and Buckingham intercept and take charge of Edward V at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire, on their way south, to the throne. He also arrested and executed three of Edward's entourage- Rivers, Richard Grey and Sir Thomas Vaughan.
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16th June 1483
Gloucester cancels Edward's coronation and forces Elizabeth Woodville to hand over her other son, Richard, Duke of York.
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25th June 1483
Houses of Lords and Commons petition for Gloucester to take the throne after he shows his power and cunning by decapitating Lord Hastings in a council meeting.
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6th July 1483
Richard III crowns himself king, on the basis that Edward IV's sons are illegitimate.
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2nd November 1483
Buckingham, head of a rebellion when he felt he was under rewarded, executed after rising against Richard III, after rumours that he had killed the princes in the tower. Henry also had to turn back after travelling to England to attempt to join up with th
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25th December 1483
A group of Yorkist refugees in exile with Henry Tudor swore to recognise Henry Tudor as king if he married Elizabeth of York.
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January 1484
Parliament meets, passing the Act of the Settlement of the Crown on Richard III to announce Edward's sons as illegitimate. Richard outlaws benevolence sand continued to use the chamber as opposed to the exchequer to have a personal view of finances.
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April 1484
Death of Edward, Prince of Wales, Richard III's son.
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December 1484
Proclamation against Henry Tudor. Henry heard that Richard had asked the Duke of Brittany for his return to England, so crossed the border into France.
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March 1485
Death of Queen Anne. Rumours that she was poisoned so Richard III could marry his niece, Elizabeth of York.
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August 1485
Henry Tudor' forces land in Milford Haven, Wales. Nearly half the nobility now accept Richard.
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22nd August 1485
Richard III killed and Henry Tudor proclaimed King Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth, after William Stanley switched sides to Henry and Northumberland refused to fight for Richard.
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1483-1485
Richard III set up ten chantries to say prayers for the dead and was patron go Queen's College, Cambridge. He also reburied Henry VI so that miracles said to have been experienced at his grave could enhance Richard's reign.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Gloucester and Buckingham intercept and take charge of Edward V at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire, on their way south, to the throne. He also arrested and executed three of Edward's entourage- Rivers, Richard Grey and Sir Thomas Vaughan.

Back

30th April 1483

Card 3

Front

Gloucester cancels Edward's coronation and forces Elizabeth Woodville to hand over her other son, Richard, Duke of York.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Houses of Lords and Commons petition for Gloucester to take the throne after he shows his power and cunning by decapitating Lord Hastings in a council meeting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Richard III crowns himself king, on the basis that Edward IV's sons are illegitimate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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