England 1461-1483 (Edward IV's first and second reigns)

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March 1461
Edward, Earl of March won the Battle of Towton and became Edward IV. The Lancastrians had the upper hand in the battle, but the late arrival of Yorkist reinforcements gave York the advantage.
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April 1461
Edward marched to Durham and back to York to exert his authority and encountered little resistance. Warwick regained Alnwick castle in Northumberland a few weeks later.
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July 1461
Louis XI became the new king of France, giving Edward a choice of possible alliances. He could ally with France or France's enemy, Burgundy.
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October 1461
Jasper Tudor, Henry VI's half brother, and the Duke of Exeter were defeated in battle near Caernarvon.
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1462
Margaret of Anjou travelled North to Bamburgh with a small army of 800, but was quickly defeated. She and her son left for exile in France.
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February 1462
Edward executed the Earl of Oxford when a Lancastrian plot was discovered.
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1464
By this time, The North of England was fully under Edward's control after easy victories at Hedgeley Moor and Hexham.
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May 1464
Edward secretly married Elizabeth Woodville. This was not a politically beneficial marriage for the King, and Warwick had been negotiating with the French for a bride for Edward.
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September 1464
Edward's secret marriage to Elizabeth Woodville is revealed. This began the rift between Edward and Warwick, for many reasons, for example, Elizabeth had a large family who all wanted rewards of beneficial marriages.
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July 1465
Edward's supporters captured Henry VI in Lancashire. He was not put to death, but lodged in the Tower of London. This merciful treatment of his enemies was a mark of Edward's confidence.
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1468
Edward made the decision to ally with Burgundy over France, marrying his sister, Margaret, to Duke Charles the Bold. He prepared to invade France to try to unite the country behind him.
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1469
Warwick decided to rebel against Edward. He persuaded Edward's brother George that Warwick could make him king, so he married George to his eldest daughter, Isobel Neville at Calais.
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July 1469
Warwick and George, Duke of Clarence landed from Calais and, encouraging a rising in Yorkshire, defeated Edward's army at Edgecote Moor.
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March 1470
Edward attacked the rebels at Empingham at the Ballet of Losecoat Field. The King was victorious and Warwick and George fled to France.
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May 1470
Louis XI convinces Warwick to ally with his long term enemy, Margaret of Anjou, pledging to put Henry VI back on the throne, and marries his daughter, Anne, to Margaret's son, Edward.
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September 1470
Warwick and Clarence land in Dartmouth with French support. At this point, Warwick's brother, Montagu, betrayed the king and Edward fled to Burgundy. Henry VI was restored as king.
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March 1471
Edward returned from Burgundy and set about recruiting an army. Clarence asked him for mercy as Warwick has dropped him as next in line for the throne in favour of Henry.
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April 1471
Clarence switched sides at the Battle of Barnet, to ensure he was on the winning Yorkist side. Warwick was killed in the fog of the battle.
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4th May 1471
Edward caught up with Margaret of Anjou's army who were marching to Wales and Edward, Margaret's son was killed in battle and Margaret of Anjou captured.
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21st May 1471
Henry was once again locked in the Tower and it is likely that it was Edward who ordered his death that evening.
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1472
Edward's brother, Richard was given a highly advantageous marriage to Anne Neville and was given control of the North of England as a reward for his loyalty.
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1474
Estates confiscated from Clarence were given to Hastings.
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1475
After collecting extraordinary income from taxes, Edward invaded France with a large army, but the French were willing to negotiate so he came away with the Treaty of Picquingy, in which Edward received a pension of £10,000 crowns a year.
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1476
£347 collected from the Duchy of Lancaster.
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January 1478
Clarence was found guilty of treason and killed by being drowned in a barrel of wine
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July 1478
Edward made a treaty with Burgundy to increase trade.
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1479
After setting his eldest don, Edward, in the Welsh Marches, Edward forced William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke to give up nearly all his Welsh Lordships to the Prince.
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1483
Edward is now collecting £885 from the Duchy of Lancaster, showing his efficiency in collecting the money he is owed. he also brought in Italian experts to teach merchants how to die their cloth, making it more valuable to trade.
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April 1483
Edward IV died, leaving his twelve year old son as the next king, however the transition was not smooth and Edward IV's brother, Richard, seized the crown.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Edward marched to Durham and back to York to exert his authority and encountered little resistance. Warwick regained Alnwick castle in Northumberland a few weeks later.

Back

April 1461

Card 3

Front

Louis XI became the new king of France, giving Edward a choice of possible alliances. He could ally with France or France's enemy, Burgundy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Jasper Tudor, Henry VI's half brother, and the Duke of Exeter were defeated in battle near Caernarvon.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Margaret of Anjou travelled North to Bamburgh with a small army of 800, but was quickly defeated. She and her son left for exile in France.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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