ENGB1 theorists

weak expletives, empty adjectives, hedge, tag questions, bilingual`
1 of 17
believes that tag questions are actually used by females as a method of being polite
2 of 17
O'Barr and Atikins
the features identified by Lakoff = powerless language
3 of 17
females hedge five times more than males
4 of 17
Zimmerman and West
96% of interruptions made by males
5 of 17
Shuttlewood (females)
polite, cooperative, hesitant, talk more, ask questions
6 of 17
Shuttlewood (males)
swear more, dont talk about emotions, insult each other, speak with authority.
7 of 17
males swear more
8 of 17
Deborah Tannen
Status vs Support, Independance vs intimacy, advice vs understanding, information vs feelings, orders vs proposals, conflict vs compromise
9 of 17
Power - Fairclough stages
1) synthetic personalisation 2) 'Members resources' 3) building the consumer
10 of 17
use of euphenisms is common in adverts
11 of 17
Coulthard and Sinclair
initiation - response - feedback = common classroom interaction
12 of 17
initially discovered the idea of face
13 of 17
Levinson and Brown
built on this with the idea of politeness theories - positive and negative face. Why different types of politeness are used
14 of 17
Levinson and Brown - type of politeness depends on three variables::
social distance + power distance + degree of imposition
15 of 17
Holmes and Stubb (small talk)
believe it is critical in a workplace as it allows mroe powerful participants to exert their power in a friendly manner. - a repressive discourse strategy
16 of 17
Max Atkinson
'claptraps' three most common features of speeches 1) lists of three 2) contrating pairs 3) positive evaluation of audience
17 of 17

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believes that tag questions are actually used by females as a method of being polite

Card 3


O'Barr and Atikins


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Card 5


Zimmerman and West


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